HRANA Recap: This Week’s Protests in Iran

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, a number of protests took place this week in Iran, many of which were continuations of ongoing movements.  Read our recap below for details, photos, and videos from the demonstrations.

 

Saturday, October 9

In Rameshk city, in Sistan and Baluchestan Province, a number of citizens assembled in front of a copper mining company called “Rameshk” to protest the company’s confiscation of their pieces of land without providing compensation.

Sunday, October 10

On the thirteen day of their strike, Haft-Tappeh’s workers assembled in front of the governorate building in Shush city and then marched in the streets. They chanted “this
revolutionary government has just empty slogans”.

These workers demand paying delayed wages, immediate returning the company from the private sector to state section, returning fired workers to work, extending the contracts of both seasonal workers and workers of the pest control department, carrying out repair operations.

A group of depositors of Caspian, a finance and credit institution, assembled in front of the building of the Central Bank in Tehran to protest against the sham investment scheme of the institution and ask for the return on their investment.

A number of retirees of the pension fund of steel corporation Fulad assembled in front of the company’s buildings in Isfahan and Khuzestan. They asked for levelling up their pension in proportion with the poverty line, enjoying adequate benefits and the supplementary insurance as set by the by-laws of this corporation.

 

Monday, October 11

For the second consecutive day, a number of workers of Jovein cement company in Mashhad assembled at company premises to ask for implementing Job Classification Plan and holding the employers to his promises.

A group of poultry farm workers assembled in front of the Governor’s office in Shahrekord city in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province. They protested against the high costs of feeding and chicks for incubators in comparison to the low chicken prices.

On the fourteenth consecutive day, Haft-Tappeh workers assembled in front of the governorate building in Shush city and then marched in the streets.

The contracted workers the company SAAPEC in Asaluyeh went on strike and assembled in company premises in protest against two-months unpaid wages.

For the second consecutive day, a number of citizens in Rameshk city, in Sistan and Baluchestan Province, assembled in front of a copper mining company Rameshk. Reportedly, to build a copper mine site, this company has confiscated their pieces of land without paying any compensation.

Tuesday, October 12

The workers of Abnieh Fanni, a railway company in the Azerbaijan zone, which are working on rail lines of counties Salmas, Jolfa, Azarshahr, Marand and Ajabshir, went on strike in protest against the two-month delay in payment and employer’s contribution in the health insurance. According to these workers, their problems began when the project was outsourced to private-sector companies.

On the fifteenth consecutive day of the strike, workers of Haft-Tappeh Company assembled at their workplace. These worker demands, among other things, paying delayed wages, immediate returning the company from the private sector to state section, returning fired workers to work, extending the contracts of both seasonal workers and workers of the pest control department, Carrying out repair operations.

The workers of the Isfahan municipality assembled to ask for levelling up wages and other demands in front of the municipality headquarter.

In front of the building of the Tehran Planning and Budget Organization, a number of last-year-retired teachers protested unpaid pension income.

Wednesday, October 13

A number of school service personnel working for the Ministry of Education of Qom assembled in the premises of the Ministry of education’s building. They protested low wages,forced and unpaid overworking, cutting off work uniform quota and the lack of promotion and other job-related improvements for those who have obtained the university degree

On the sixteenth day of their strike, Haft-Tappeh’s workers assembled in front of Labor office in Shush city.

A number of contractual teachers assembled in front of the Provincial Government building in Shahrekord in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province. These teachers protested against the lack of job security and low wages in comparison to teachers who are hired by the ministry of education. They demanded to come under contract with the ministry of education.

Thursday, October 14

In response to the call of the Coordinating Council of Iranian teacher Unions, working and retired teachers and educators in at least 40 cities assembled to ask for their demands.

A number of workers of the municipality in Khorramshahr city assembled to ask for six
months unpaid wages.

The workers of private companies which are working as contractors on coal mines in Kerman assembled in front of the Provincial Government building. They asked for implementing the Job Classification plan and other demands.

The retirees of Gilan Ministry of Health assembled in the premises of the University of Medical Sciences in Rasht to ask for closing pension gap and other demands.

On the Seventeenth day of their strike, the workers of Haft-Tappeh Company assembled at their workplace.

World Day Against the Death Penalty: Annual Report on Execution in Iran 2020-2021

On the World Day Against the Death Penalty, the Center of Statistics of Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRAI) has published its annual report , in efforts to sensitize the public about the situation of the death penalty in Iran.

HRANA’s Statistics Center relies on the work of HRANA reporters, as well as a network of independent and verifiable sources. It also incorporates disclosures to the media by judicial authorities announcing or confirming prisoner executions, and as such is exposed to a margin of error representing efforts by the Iranian authorities to omit, conceal, or restrict the collection of such data.

Between October 8, 2020, and October 9, 2021, executions and the death penalty have been the focus of 253 HRANA reports. Over this time period, the Iranian authorities issued the death penalty sentence to 90 individuals and have already carried out 266 executions.

Click here to download report in PDF format

Women account for only 9 of the 266 HRANA-confirmed execution victims this year. In addition, 3 juvenile offenders, under the age of 18 when they allegedly committed the crime they were charged with, were executed.

The report includes a breakdown of executions by capital offense: 55.8% were charged with murder, 33.5% were charged with drug and narcotic offenses, 3.4% were charged with Rape, 4.8% were charged with armed robbery/offenses classified as “corruption on earth”, 1.5% were charged with political or security-related offenses, and 0.74% had unknown charges.

The chart below displays execution numbers by the province in which they took place. According to this chart, Khorasan Razavi had the highest number of executions at 17.7%.  Alborz and Sistan and Baluchestan came in second and third, with 13.2% and 9.4% respectively.

The chart below depicts the distribution of executions’ information sources. The chart indicates that 82% of HRANA-confirmed executions were not announced by the official Iranian sources. Undisclosed executions are referred to as “secret” executions.

***

Click here to download the report in PDF format.

For further inquiries please contact Skylar Thompson, Senior Advocacy Coordinator Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) at skylar@hramail.com

HRANA Recap: This Week’s Protests in Iran

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, a number of protests took place this week in Iran, many of which were continuations of ongoing movements.  Read our recap below for details, photos, and videos from the demonstrations.

 

Saturday, October 2

This Saturday and Sunday, a group of environmental activists of Sanandaj in the vicinity of Vahdat Dam gathered to protest against the years-long negligence from local authorities in addressing the area’s unsafe drinking water. Because of the city water is contaminated, residents are forced to carry water from the springs surrounding the city.

Sunday, October 3

Employees of coal mining company Pabdana in Kerman Province assembled this Sunday at their workplace entrance gate and protested the company’s low wages, arguing that, compared to state-owned mining companies, private companies such as Pabdana pay employees less for longer hours.

About 400 drivers of the transport unit of South Zagros Oil and Gas Production Company, for a second consecutive day, assembled to protest the company’s decision to change their contracts. The new agreements are set up so that that workers will  be employed by a contractor rather than the company, meaning lower wages and fewer benefits.

In Bandar Imam Khomeini, a number of workers working for subsidiary companies of Persian Gulf Holding in the petrochemical special zone assembled to protest against wage discrimination. They asked for a direct contract with the company rather than contractors who enforce lower wages and harder work.

The retirees of the Social Security Organization assembled in front of this organization’s buildings in cities of Ahvaz, Rasht, Kermanshah, KHORAM-Abad, Tehran, Mashhad, Tabriz, and Qazvin, to ask for their demands. Their demands included levelling up pensions in proportion with the poverty line, enforcing the equating wages act, enforcing Article 96 of Social Security Act, addressing the issues regarding supplementary insurance, receiving end-of-year bonuses and taking work records in difficult-dirty-and-dangerous jobs into pension calculations.

A number of teachers and educators protested in front of the Parliament building in Tehran and the Ministry of Education’s buildings in the cities of Ahvaz, Shiraz, Zanjan, Darab, Bandar-Abbas and Isfahan. They asked for better enforcement of the Equating Wages Act for retirees and the Ranking Plan Act.

Personnel of the Municipality of Khorramshahr assembled in front of the government building to protest against a 6-month payment delay and a 10-month-unpaid insurance premium.

Retirees of the steel company Fulad protested in front of the company’s headquarters in Isfahan and Khuzestan provinces. They asked for levelling up their pension in proportion with the poverty line and enforcing the Equating Wages Act and addressing the problems of supplementary insurance.

A number of Haft-Tappeh’s workers continued to protest on the sixth day of their strike.

Monday, October 4

A number of students and alumni of pharmacology assembled in front of the building of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in Tehran to protest against the monopoly on establishing pharmacies. They asked for the acceleration in enforcing the new regulations thereby the establishment of pharmacies in deprived areas would be facilitated.

On the seventh day, the workers of Haft-Tappeh company went out on strike. They assembled in front of the governorate building in Shush city.

Several workers for private coal mining companies in Kuhbanan county went on strike for the sixth consecutive day at their place of work. The workers said that, despite higher productivity and better quality of coal, they have been paid 4 to 5 million tomans less than workers of state-owned companies. Reportedly, in Kuhbanan County, more than 3000 workers are working for these private coal mining companies.

A group of personnel of social emergency workers of state welfare organization assembled in front of the parliament in Tehran and demanded changing work contract party from private to state section as well as the approval of the social emergency bill by parliament.

A group of retirees and working personnel of airline company Homa assembled in front of the building of Planning and Budget Organization. The retirees said that, despite promises from their supervisors, pensionsv for last month have not  been paid.

Tuesday, October 4

On the eighth day of their strike, Haft-Tappeh’s workers assembled in front of the governorate building in Shush city and then marched through the streets.

More than 500 workers of private companies, who are working on copper mining Sungun Varzaghan, assembled and went out on strike against low wages and hard work conditions.

Workers of the petrochemical special zone, including Persian Gulf Holding, assembled and demanded equal wage for equal work according to article 38 of Iran’s labour code and ILO Convention No. 100.

Wednesday, October 5

In response to recent violence against women (such as Faezeh Maleki-Nia who was burned to death by her father) and the negligence of the police and judiciary to prosecute and punish the offenders, a group of civil activists assembled in front of the Building of the Ministry of Justice in Sanandaj.

On the ninth day of the strike, in Shush city, Haft-Tappeh workers assemble again in front of the governorate building and then marched toward the building of the ministry of the judiciary.

For the second day, workers of private companies working on copper mining Sungun Varzaghan, refused to work and assembled at their workplace. These workers had spent last night in their tents in the same place of assembly.

 

Thursday, October 6

Following the protest of women in Sanandaj on previous day, several women protested in Marivan and asked that the case of Faezeh Maleki-Nia (who was burned by her father) be addressed, and called for an end to violence against women.

In Khorramshahr, a number of citizens assembled to protest against negligence and shortcomings of the municipality in collecting garbage. As a demonstration of protest, they piled up garbage bags in front of the municipality building.

In their tenth days of strike, Haft-Tappeh workers continued to protest in front of the governorate building in Shush.

A number of workers of Non-Industrial Operations Company Pazargad in Pardis Jam Town went out on strike at the workplace.

 

 

 

HRANA Recap: This Week’s Protests in Iran

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, a number of protests took place this week in Iran, many of which were continuations of ongoing movements.  Read our recap below for details, photos, and videos from the demonstrations.

 

Saturday, September 25

This Saturday, the family of Amir Hossein Hatami, who recently died under suspicious circumstances in custody, gathered in front of the Greater Tehran Prison to demand accountability from prison officials. Also, in 36 cities across the country, working and retired teachers rallied in protest. Working and retired workers of Homa Airline gathered in front of the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development building in Tehran, and employees of Iran international General Contractor Company (IGC) went on strike in Asaluyeh.

Working and retired teachers in protesting in 36 cities across the country:

 

Sunday, September 25

On Sunday, a number of Workers Protests took place. Employees of the road construction and mining company Mobayen, retirees of Fulad steel company in regard to their pension fund in Isfahan and Khuzestan, and employees of Pars Tabiaat Celulose and its parent company, Kaghaz Pars, all held demonstrations.

Retired workers of a steel company (Fulad)’s  about pension funds in Isfahan and Khuzestan:

Employees of the road construction and mining company Mobayen:

Protests of workers of Kaghaz Pars company and its daughter company, Pars Tabiaat cellulose:

 

Tuesday, September 28,

This Tuesday, a number of Haft Tappeh workers protested once again. Victims of fraudulent activities boycotted a car retail company in Jam County. Additionally, retirees of the Ministry of Health in Khuzestan, Isfahan, Gilan, Golestan, and East Azerbaijan protested.

 

Wednesday, September 29

Buyers who pre-purchased cars protested Shahrkhodro Company for not receiving thir orders on time. Kerman coal company workers protested low wagest, and workers of Haft Tappeh went on strike for a second consecutive day. A number of truck drivers in Saveh also protested delays in fuel shipments.

 

Dissatisfied purchasers of cars against ShahrKhodro Company:

Workers of Kerman Coal Company demanding higher wages:

Haft-Tappeh workers on strike:

Thursday, September 30

Teachers in Qom and Markazi provinces demanded better conditions and higher wages this Thursday. Service personel of the ministry of education also protested poor job conditions in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari.

Teachers in Qom and Markazi provinces regarding wages:

Haft Tappeh workers on strike:

 

 

HRA Presents Spreading Justice at Human Rights Council 48 Side Event

On September 21st, a number of prominent human rights organizations, including HRA, Impact Iran, HURIDOCS, and the Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation , hosted a virtual discussion in the margins of the 48th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council on how online databases can help monitor human rights in Iran and support accountability efforts.

 

In an announcement of the event, Impact Iran stated, ​​”In recent years, human rights organizations have developed a range of online tools that have strengthened the capacities of rights defenders to advance evidence-based reporting and advocacy aimed at generating a culture of accountability and transparency in pursuit of the realization of human rights for all persons.”

United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran Dr. Javid Rehman delivered the event’s opening remarks, in which he highlighted the important work of the organizations represented by the panel. He mentioned Abdorrahman Boroumand Center’s OMID Memorial, the Spreading Justice’s Initiative by Human Rights Activists in Iran, and Impact Iran’s Iran Rights Index, which is a culmination of work by the Impact Iran Secretariat and coalition members including HRA.

“The individual characteristics of the different databases that are the topic of discussion today… all indicate that civil society organizations have clear goals in their well-coordinated documentation efforts,” Rehman stated. “Each of these databases serves a valuable goal for public information advocacy, memorialization, or support accountability mechanisms.”

In demonstrating how HRA’s Spreading Justice database can contribute to accountability efforts, panelist and HRA Senior Advocacy Coordinator Skylar Thompson outlined the functions and goals of the project.

“Spreading justice is a database of Iranian Human Rights violators, both individual and institutional violators,” Thompson said. “This database, which is available in both English and Farsi, currently contains over 250 profiles, ranging from Iranian president Ibraham Raisi himself to lesser known violators that continually commit heinous acts, and yet fly almost silently under the radar.”

On the functions of the database, Thompson said,  “If an individual were doing research on an individual victim’s case, they could, for example, search Nazanin Ratcliffe and find all violators associated with her case.”

The profiles also include detailed legal reviews prepared by experts in international human rights law. HRA collects information from open source research, and through its wide network of volunteers inside Iran. Volunteers receive training aimed at strengthening organizational documentation capacity, which includes online security, diversity and inclusion, neutrality, informed consent.

“The information that is collected through this network is extremely important to our work,” Thompson said. “It also gives us unparalleled access to victims.”

On the use of the database, Thompson stated that there is a real need for governments to work alongside civil society, in their efforts to hold perpetrators accountable, and added that this was a core motivation behind the development of Spreading Justice.

She continued, “If we can begin to close the accountability gap in Iran, we will begin to see a disruption in the continuous cycle of abuse,” Thompson said. “The truth is that the international community has a number of tools available to hold perpetrators of serious human rights violations accountable, particularly when domestic judicial remedies are unavailable, such as is the case in Iran. The use of these tools is lacking.”

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HRANA Recap: This Week’s Protests in Iran

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, a number of protests took place this week in Iran, many of which were continuations of ongoing movements.  Read our recap below for details, photos, and videos from the demonstrations.

 

Saturday, September 18

Several workers of Tehran Azadi Stadium, a group of workers of Kut Abdollah Municipality in Khuzestan, a group of Bandar Imam Petrochemical workers, a group of dismissed workers Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry Company, Job applicants of Karname-Sabz for the 15th consecutive day in Tehran, a group of workers in Assaluyeh, a group of medical staff from Basht city, and workers of Pars Ghodrat Company in Kangan Petroleum Refinery, all called on their demands to be addressed in protest rallies. Also, teachers and educators in at least eight provinces, including Isfahan, East Azerbaijan, Fars, Alborz, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Khuzestan, Kermanshah, and Ilam held protest rallies.

 

Teachers and educators in at least eight provinces, including Isfahan, East Azerbaijan, Fars,
Alborz, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Khuzestan, Kermanshah, and Ilam:

Workers of Tehran Azadi Stadium:

Workers of Kut Abdollah Municipality in Khuzestan:

Bandar Imam Petrochemical workers:

Fired workers of Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry Company:

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz:

Workers in section 14 of Assaluyeh:

Medical staff from Basht city:

Workers of Pars Ghodrat Company in Kangan Petroleum Refinery:

 

Sunday, September 19:

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz for a sixteenth day in a row in Tehran, a group of retirees of the Isfahan Steel Fund, and Khuzestan Steel Fund, shareholders of the Ghaem Commercial Complex in Tehran, and a group of employed and retired teachers in Mashhad called for their demands to be addressed in protest rallies.

 

Retirees of the Isfahan Steel’s Fund, and Khuzestan Steel Fund:

Shareholders of the Ghaem Commercial Complex in Tehran:

Teachers in Mashhad:

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz:

 

Monday, September 20

For the 17th day in a row, a group of job applicants of Karname-Sabz, teachers in Tehran, a number of workers in Dehdasht Municipality in Kohgiluyeh, a number of workers in the Fajr Jam gas refinery, and a group of fired workers in Ahvaz Municipality called for their demands to be addressed in protest rallies.

 

workers in the Fajr Jam gas refinery:

Job applicant of Karname-Sabz teachers:

 

Tuesday, September 21

A group of teachers and educators in the provinces of Kermanshah, Lorestan, Khorasan Razavi, Tehran, Kurdistan, and Khuzestan, a number of workers of Kut Abdollah Municipality, a group of Job applicant of Karname-Sabz teachers for the 18th consecutive day in Tehran, a number of Azovico shareholders in Tehran, villagers of Angelas in Hamadan, and a group of contract workers on the Tehran metro held rallies this Tuesday.

 

Teachers and educators in the provinces of Kermanshah, Lorestan, Khorasan Razavi, Tehran, Kurdistan, and Khuzestan:

Workers of Kut Abdollah Municipality:

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz teachers for the 18th day in Tehran:

Azovico shareholders in Tehran:

Villagers of Angelas in Hamadan:

 

Wednesday, September 22

A group of employees of integrated banks in the cities of Tabriz and Tehran, a group of Job applicant of Karname-Sabz teachers for the 19th consecutive day in Tehran, and a group of workers of West Karun Power Generation Company protested this Wednesday.

 

Employees of joined banks in the cities of Tabriz and Tehran:

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz teachers in Tehran:

Workers of West Karun Power Generation Company:

 

Thursday, September 23

A group of teachers and educators in the cities of Hamedan, Sari, Abadan, Zanjan, Shahroud, Mamasani, Divandere, Ardabil, Yazd, Qazvin, Kuhdasht, Kermanshah, Mashhad, Tabriz, Karaj, Arak and Qom, and a group of Job applicant of Karname-Sabz teachers for the twentieth consecutive day Tehran rallied on Thursday.

 

Teachers and educators in the cities of Hamedan, Sari, Abadan, Zanjan, Shahroud, Mamasani, Divandere, Ardabil, Yazd, Qazvin, Kuhdasht, Kermanshah, Mashhad, Tabriz, Karaj, Arak and Qom:

Job applicant of Karname-Sabz teachers:

HRA Hosts ‘A Way Forward’, a Virtual Panel on Role of Diplomacy in Human Rights Work

On Thursday, September 16, HRA hosted “A Way Forward”, a virtual discussion on the role of diplomacy in advancing the goal of promoting human rights in Iran. The event, which had over 100 participants, was moderated by lawyer and human rights activist Shabnam Mojtahedi, and panelists included representatives from a number of prominent human rights organizations.

 

Dr. Javid Rehman, UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran, delivered the event’s opening remarks, in which he highlighted the importance of protecting and promoting a more free civil sector, and emphasized the extent to which human rights and civic freedom go hand in hand.

“We can see around the world that in countries where there is a dynamic and free civil society, there is better protection of human rights,” Rehman said. “In Iran, civic space is under significant constraint. Civic space actors, such as human rights lawyers, defendants, and journalists are targeted, harassed and excluded. Moreover, the channels for political participation are by law severely restricted and manipulated, to the extent that they prevent meaningful participation.”

Mohammad Al Abdallah, Syrian rights activist and Director of the Syrian Justice and Accountability Center, spoke on the culture of impunity in the Middle East, and the ways in which widespread human rights violations can become normalized in a region over time.

“When you don’t have a well-designed policy that is consistently related to human rights in the region, that will be interpreted as a green light. ‘Go ahead, we don’t care, nobody is looking,'”

There was a particular emphasis throughout the discussion, from several of the panelists, on the effectiveness of accountability and rights work on a granular level. Between holding individual violators accountable and working with individual victims, activists and small organizations can make a tangible difference in the communities they oversee.

Panelist Christina Storm, who now serves as director of the rule of law division of the DT institute, started her career as a trial lawyer where she founded Lawyers Without Borders. Through this organization, she spent 20 years harnessing lawyers around the world to advance human rights on local and international courts, and most of that work happened at an individual level.

“My work has been focused on how to leverage internationally protected rights, and in particular Iran’s international obligations and commitments in a local/domestic context,” Storm said.

Panelist Michael Page, who serves as deputy director in the Middle East and North Africa division at Human Rights Watch (HRW), proposed that three ways the US can further goals of human rights in Iran are adopting a ‘Do no harm’ approach, building multilateral pressure on human rights issues in coordination with Iranian policy, and holding Iranian officials accountable outside of the country.

On the subject of accountability,  discussion attendant Hamed Esmaeilion asked how human rights organizations can better support the victims of Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752, which was shot down by the IRGC, killing over 170 people, and then covered up by the Iranian government.

Page spoke on organizations’ capacity to push for domestic accountability.

“We need to show […] if there has been any domestic accountability for what has happened,” Page said. “The short answer is [that there has] not, but I think that’s the first step.”

Meanwhile, Al Abdallah pointed out the work that can be done in providing resources and relief to the affected families, in what he calls a ‘victim-centered approach’.

“Part of the work that human rights organizations can do is supporting the families and helping them better frame their policy demands with member states,” Al Abdallah said, “as well as encouraging diplomats to meet with the families.”

Several participants asked questions relating to sanctions, and panelists touched on a number of ways in which broad sanctions end up having harmful effects on the countries whose human rights violators they purport to be holding accountable.

“Broad Sanctions in Iran have contributed to serious hardships for ordinary Iranians,” Page said. “Working with businesses and civil society, I think the Biden administration should, as a starting point, seek to mitigate the negative impact of broad sanctions including this issue of ‘over-compliance’, in which companies refuse to sell goods or services to people in Iran because of the risk of sanctions, even though those goods and services have humanitarian exemptions.”

On a related thread, panelist Patrick Clawsen, a senior fellow at Washington institute, pointed to the US-sponsored sanctions with Swiss and South Korean governments, which were designed to facilitate Iranians’ access to humanitarian goods.

“None of these have worked,” Clawson said. “A major issue is that the Iranian Authorities have decided that they have adequate access to humanitarian goods through the channels they are now using, which can best be described as evading the sanctions. And they find it easier to use barter and other means (…) rather than going through the quite-onerous requirements.””

Thompson suggested an increased emphasis on holding individual violators accountable, rather than further investing in these broad economic sanctions that have historically proven so ineffective.

“There needs to be a broad expansion of the use of targeted sanctions regimes,” Thompson said. “Targeting individuals has proven to be a more effective policy than targeting institutions,”

Rehman additionally called for creative solutions, on the part of both NGO’s and governmental organizations, in working to integrate principles of human rights into every level of the civic process.

“As part of the rule of international law, It is imperative that human rights be a part of every bilateral and multilateral discussion, not just with Iran, but with all countries.”

The full discussion is available below.

 

HRANA Recap: This Week’s Protests in Iran

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, a number of protests took place this week in Iran, many of which were continuations of ongoing movements.  Read our recap below for details, photos, and videos from the demonstrations.

Saturday, September 11

Several workers of Abadan Municipality and workers of Arvand Free Zone in Abadan, some  workers of Hoveyzeh Municipality, a group of teachers in Ahvaz, a group of Job applicants of Karname-Sabz for the eighth consecutive day in Tehran, shareholders of Amin Khuzestan Fund in Ahvaz, and a group of teachers in Shiraz, in Protest rallies called on their demands to be addressed this Sunday.

Workers of Abadan Municipality:

Workers of Hoveyzeh Municipality:

Protest of teachers in Ahvaz:

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz in Tehran:

Shareholders of Amin Khuzestan Fund:

Protest of teachers in Shiraz:

Sunday, September 12

A group of job applicants of Karname-Sabz for the ninth day in a row in Tehran, a group of retirees of the Isfahan Steel’s Fund, and a number of shareholders of Saipa Diesel Company protested on Sunday.

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz:

Retirees of the Isfahan Steel’s Fund:

Shareholders of Saipa Diesel Company:

Monday, September 13

A number of shareholders of Cryptoland Exchange in Tehran, a group of workers at the Galltut Coal Mine in Zarand in Kerman province, job applicants of Karname-Sabz for the tenth consecutive day in Tehran, and a number of workers at the Shafa Rud dam in Rezvanshahr county in protest rallies called for their demands to be addressed.

 

Shareholders of Cryptoland exchange in Tehran:

Workers of the Galltut Coal Mine in Zarand:

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz:

Tuesday, September 14

A number of employed and retired teachers and a group of teachers of the Literacy Movement in Tehran, a group of teachers in Khorramabad, a number of teachers in Ahvaz, a few lost cryptoland exchange shareholders in Tehran, a group of job applicants of Karname-Sabz for the 11th day in a row in Tehran, a group of third-party workers at the Fajr Jam refinery, and workers of Steam company in Bushehr, rallied to call on their demands to be addressed.

Workers of Steam company in Bushehr:

Protest of teachers in Tehran:

Protest of teachers in Lorestan:

Protest of teachers in Khuzestan:

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz:

Retiree teachers in 2020:

Shareholders of Cryptoland exchange in Tehran:

Workers of the Fajr Jam refinery:

Wednesday, September 15, and Thursday September 16

A group of job applicants of Karname-Sabz for the thirteenth day in a row, in Tehran, a number of medical interns at Mofid Hospital in Tehran, a group of workers at Bandar Emam Petrochemical Company, and a number of medical students at the Azad University in Mashhad rallied to call on their demands to be addressed.

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz:

Medical interns at Mofid Hospital in Tehran:

Medical students at the Azad University in Mashhad:

Workers of Bandar Emam Petrochemical:

HRANA Recap: This Week’s Protests in Iran

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, a number of protests took place this week in Iran, many of which were continuations of ongoing movements.  Read our recap below for details, photos, and videos from the demonstrations.

 

Friday, September 3 and Saturday September 4

Several job applicants for Qeshm Refinery Heavy Oil, a group of job applicants for Literacy Movement Instructors in Tehran, a group of workers in Yasuj Municipal Services, a number of dismissed workers of Ahvaz Municipality, a group of shareholders of Cryptoland exchange in Tehran, a group of job applicants of Karname-Sabz, personnel of Kermanshah Jihad Nasr, and Khorramshahr municipal workers held protest rallies on Friday September 3, and Saturday September 4.

Job applicants for Qeshm Refinery Heavy Oil:

Instructor Job applicants of the Literacy Movement:

Workers of Yasuj Municipal Services:

Dismissed workers of Ahvaz Municipality:

Shareholders of Cryptoland exchange in Tehran:

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz:

Sunday, September 5

A group of job applicants of Karname-Sabz for the second day in a row in Tehran, a number of preschool teachers in Izeh city, a group of job  Literacy Movement Instructor applicants for the second consecutive day in Tehran, a number of Khorramshahr municipal workers, a group of Mehrafarin educators in Tehran, and independent contractor teachers in Yazd called on their demands to be addressed in protest rallies.

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz:

Instructor job applicants of the Literacy Movement:

Mehrafarin educators in Tehran:

Preschool teachers in Izeh city:

Monday, September 6

A group of job applicants of Karname-Sabz for the third day in a row in Tehran, a number of  shareholders of Cryptoland exchange in Tehran, a group of job applicants for Literacy Movement Instructors for the third day in a row in Tehran, a few workers of Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-
Industry Co., a group of educators in Varamin, educators of Dezful city Literacy Movement, and a group of residents of Ghiazi village in Shadegan held protest rallies and called on their demands to be addressed.

 

Educators of Dezful City’s Literacy Movement:

Job applicants for Literacy Movement Instructors in Tehran:

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz:

Shareholders of Cryptoland Exchange in Tehran:

Workers of Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry Company:

Educators in Varamin:

Villagers of Ghiazi in Shadegan:

Tuesday, September 7

A group of job applicants of Karname-Sabz for the fourth day in a row in Tehran and Bandar Imam Petrochemical staff rallied in protest this Tuesday.

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz:

Workers of Bandar Imam Petrochemical:

Wednesday, September 8

A group of telecommunication company personnel for a second consecutive day, several workers of oil and gas projects in Tehran, a group of shareholder drivers of the transport fleet modernization project, and a group of teachers from different cities in front of the parliament building in Tehran rallied this Wednesday. In Tehran, a group of citizens and civil activists rallied protests in front of the Pakistani embassy in support of the Afghan people.

Telecommunication company personnel:

Workers of oil and gas projects:

Shareholder drivers of the transport fleet modernization project:

Rally of teachers in front of the parliament building:

Thursday, September 9

For the sixth day in a row, a group of job applicants of Karname-Sabz in Tehran in protest rallies called for their demands to be addressed. Many citizens and civil activists held rallies reacting to the recent changes in Afghanistan in the cities of Tehran, Mashhad, Bushehr, and Kerman.

Job applicants of Karname-Sabz in Tehran:

Rallies of citizens in support of the people of Afghanistan and against Taliban:

Friday, September 10

A group of job applicants of Karname-Sabz for the seventh day in a row in Tehran in protest rallies called for their demands to be addressed.

 

Exclusive Report: The Extra-Territorial Assassination of Mousa Babakhani

Human Rights Activists in Iran’s Spreading Justice team (HRA-SJ) has identified and profiled Sarmad Nazerfard as the individual responsible for the assassination of Mousa Babakhani in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Mousa Babakhani was a member of the Central Committee of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), a known opposition party of the Islamic Republic. Nazerfard is believed to have assassinated Babakhani before fleeing to Iran.

 

The Assassination

 

According to sources close to HRA, it is believed Nazerfard was commissioned by the security services of the Islamic Republic, namely the Revolutionary Guards Intelligence Organization.

Erbil police and third party news sources have confirmed that Nazerfard shot and killed Babakhani in an Erbil hotel on August 6th, 2021. An informed source stated to HRA-SJ, The room where Mousa Babakhani’s body was found is a room registered to Nazerfard, who is also wanted by the Erbil police.”

Sources revealed to HRA-SJ that Babakhani traveled to Erbil to meet with Nazerfard. The two were in contact the night preceding the assasination.

Nazerfard allegedly stayed at the Goli Soleimani Hotel for eight months and had been in contact with Mr. Babakhani for several years, working to gain his trust. According to Ismail Sharafi, a member of the Central Committee, Mr. Babakhani believed that Nazerfard was a friend.

Hotel staff testified that Mousa Babakhani entered the hotel on his own and reported directly to Nazerfard’s room. Nazerfard reportedly confiscated Babakhani’s personal belongings, including  his mobile phone. Sourced believe Nazerfard carried the belongings with him upon fleeing to Iran.

 

Nazerfard Flees to Iran

 

It is believed that Nazerfard entered Iran via the Iraq-Iran border at Khanaqin. According to the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Security Agency, in Erbil, Sarmad Nazerfard travelled to the border town of Khanaqin after leaving Babakhani.

According to the KDP, “Nazerfard was not a member of the Peshmerga or even a member of the party and his relationship with Mousa Babakhani was not a party affiliation at all.” The source continued,  “Sarmad’s name does not exist in any of the party’s organizational records.”

 

Who is Sarmad Nazerfard?

 

Born in Baghdad, Nazerfard, immigrated to Iraq at least four years before fleeing to Iran. Kamal Karimi, a member of  leadership of the KDP, confirmed in an interview with the judiciary that the history of Sarmad Nazerfard’s presence in Erbil dates back at least four years. According to Karimi, “Sarmad Nazerfard, also known as Saman Abdi and Sarmad Abdi in Erbil, had been in friendly relations with Mr. Babakhani after arriving in Erbil and had met him regularly.”

According to Kamal Karimi, Sarmad Nazerfard regularly traveled to Iraq and Khanaqin and always claimed that he was going to Baghdad to visit his father. According to Karimi, Sarmad even told the hotelier when he was about to leave the hotel after Babakhani’s assassination that he had to go to Baghdad immediately to visit his father.

The Role of the IRGC

 

There is a long history of IRGC commission murders in Iraqi-Kurdistan.

A member of KDP leadership stated, “Although we do not have reliable information about Nazerfard’s relationship to Iran’s security agencies, the Revolutionary Guards have previously carried out such work, and through this agency, people from Iran are given missions.” “They have previously come to Kurdistan to carry out sabotage and assassination.” Nazerfard, and those believed to have commissioned his services must be held accountable.

Extra-Territorial Assassinations

 

Extra-territorial targeted killing outside of war is a violation of international human rights law prohibiting the arbitrary deprivation of life. “Iran has long practiced extra-territorial assassinations against dissidents abroad. This illegal practice of state-sanctioned targeted killing must be condemned by the international community and perpetrators must be brought to justice,” said Skylar Thompson, Senior Advocacy Coordinator at HRA-SJ.

More information on Nazerfard can be found via this link to his unique Spreading Justice profile. If you have any additional information on Nazerfard you can anonymously submit to HRA-SJ  here. 

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For media inquiries please contact HRA Senior Advocacy Coordinator Skylar Thompson at [email protected]