Supreme Court Rejects Retrial Plea for Death-Row Inmate Abbas Deris

The Supreme Court has dismissed Abbas Deris’s plea for a retrial. Deris, arrested during the 2019 nationwide protests (Aban Protests), faced a death sentence, with his arrest linked to charges of “enmity against God (Moharebeh).”

Despite significant flaws in the legal case and the initial verdict, the Supreme Court of Iran rejected the retrial request, as confirmed by Deris’s lawyer, Fereshteh Tabanian. The legal team has now invoked Article 477 of Iran’s Criminal Procedure Code, which allows for a retrial if a final verdict is deemed inconsistent with Islamic law.

Having initially filed the retrial request in July 2023 to Branch 9 of the Supreme Court, Deris saw a temporary suspension of the verdict. However, in the subsequent month, Tabanian announced that Branch 39 of the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence, disregarding the acknowledged flaws in the case.

Abbas Deris, currently incarcerated at Mahshahr Prison, was accused of firing shots at security forces during the protests, leading to the death of Police Captain Reza Sayyadi. His coerced confession during interrogation by the IRGC was later broadcast by Iran-state TV. However, during the trial, Deris admitted to participating in the protests but denied any involvement in shooting at security forces.

It is noteworthy that Deris’s brother, also a co-defendant, was acquitted of all charges. Both were arrested on December 8, 2019. Abbas Deris, aged approximately 49, is a father of three children.

Background on Aban Protests:

In November 2019, a surge in fuel prices triggered widespread protests across numerous cities in Iran. The Parliamentary National Security and Foreign Policy Commission reported 7,000 arrests during these protests. Human rights organizations documented hundreds of deaths at the hands of the security apparatus.


Amin Ansarifar and Arman Ansarifar Sentenced to Imprisonment and Not Allowed to Leave the Country

Branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court of Mahshahr sentenced Amin Ansarifar and Arman Ansarifar each to three years imprisonment and five years ban from leaving the country. Amin and Arman Ansarifar are the father and brother of Farzad Ansarifar who was killed by regime forces during the 2019 nationwide protests.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, Amin Ansarifar and Arman Ansarifar were sentenced to three months in prison and five years ban from leaving the country by Branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court of Mahshahr.

The Court session had been held on March 14, 2022, via a video conference with their lawyer, Fereshteh Tabanian. Two days after the court session, they were released on bail of 150 million tomans.

On February 19, 2022, Amin Ansarifar was summoned by Behbahan’s Public and Revolutionary Court and arrested when he appeared. The next day, his son, Arman was arrested by security forces at his home in Behbahan city. According to an informed source, Arman has been charged with “propaganda against the regime” and his father with “promotion of anti-regime groups and political parties.” They have been denied family visitation since the arrest.

During the protests of November 2019 in Behbahan City, security forces used live ammunition against protestors, leading to the death of several protestors including Mehrdad Dashinia, Mahmood Dashtinia, Farzad Ansarifar, Mohammad-Hossein Ghanavati,  and Mohammad Hashamdar.