Monthly Report – An Overview of the Human Rights Situation in Iran in April-May 2017
HRANA News Agency – The Department of Statistics and Publications of the Human Rights Activists Association of Iran has published the following monthly report on the human rights situation in Iran during the period of Apr-May, 2017 (Persian calendar month of Ordibehesh, 1396). This report cannot perfectly and comprehensively reflect the details of human rights concerns in Iran for obvious reasons including the existing governmental limitations and ban on the free exchange of information. It should be noted that in addition to the monthly reports, the Department of Statistics and Publications of the Human Rights Activists Association of Iran publishes a comprehensive and analytical annual report at the end of each year.
An Analytical Overview on the Human Rights Situation in Iran Apr-May 2017
The systematic violation of human rights in Iran continued in the month of Ordibehesht of the Persian calendar year, 1396 (Apr-May, 2017). The violations of human rights continued in this month with 15 executions in the provinces of Alborz, Khorasan Razavi, Lorestan, Hamedan, and Hormozgan.
Unfortunately there was significant number of executions in this month. Some of the most noted reports include the execution of seven prisoners in the Prison of Karaj; execution of two prisoners in Mashhad; public execution in Babol.
In contrast to the executions, there were a few cases of pardon and forgiveness in this month when the families of victims exonerated the criminals.
Religious and Ethnic Minorities
The violations of the religious and ethnic minorities’ rights continued in this month. The most notable cases were the arrest of four citizens in Ahwaz; the arrest of several Arab-speaking citizens in Shoushtar.
With respect to the violation of Baha’i citizens rights, there were several reports on discrimination and harassment of Baha’is including shutdown of 18 Baha’I businesses in Shahin-shahr and 42 businesses in Kerman and Rafsanjan; the house of two Baha’i citizens searched in Kashan; at least 14 Baha’i citizens arrested in southern cities: two Baha’i citizens were transferred to Bandar Abbas Central Prison; four Baha’i youth in Isfahan tried in court; three Baha’i citizens in Mashhad imprisoned.
There were several reports regarding the violations of Sunnis’ rights including summoning a Sunni teacher in Sarvan; summoning the Sunni Imam and his son in the city of Rask to the local revolutionary court; the arrest and threatening of 50 Sunnis in Boukan; the arrest of several Sunni individuals in Hormozgan.
Regarding children’s rights, there were a couple of reports, the most notable of which were suicide of two students in Zanjan; brain drain of a young girl due to torture by her step-father; 4-year-old child tortured and ill-treated by his addicted parents in Pakdasht; the death of a little girl because of domestic violence in Mashhad; 1200 students living in nomadic areas of Khuzestan suffering from starvation.
In the category of women rights, there were several reports of assaults against Iranian women who have been continuously suppressed and deprived of their rights. Some of the most notable reports on women rights violations in this month were travel ban for Zahra Nemati, the Iranian team’s flagship player in Paralympics, by her husband; honor killing in the Khawja Rabi area of Mashad; a female national footballer, Shiva Amini, announced that she has been abandoned from national team because of lack of compliance with the hijab.
In this month, there were many reports related to the labors’ rights movements or violations of labor rights including self-immolation of a street salesman in Marivan; preventing workers from gathering in front of the parliament; gathering of the retired workers of Khouzestan Steel CO.; Valeh Zamani, a labor rights activist, was arrested; self-immolation of three street vendors in response to violence of municipal officials; summoning Fars Guilian, a labor rights activist, to the office of security forces; threatening and forcing the municipal workers to sign a waiver showing they have received their months-long salaries; a Kurdish workers’ rights activist was summoned to the Information Office in Sanandaj.
In the field of trade union and union rights, there were a few reports in this month including preventing Mahmoud Beheshti to give a speech in Qazvin; one year in exile for a music teacher because of playing music in the class!!
Health and Environment
In the field of health and environmental protection, there were a few reports mainly involving draught and air pollution including air pollution and dust and particulates in Ahwaz and Shadegan reaching 17 times above the safe limit; the people of a village (i.e. Gazab) suffering from drought, lack of education, and inability to prepare legitimate ID; the amount of dust and particulates reached 8 times above the standard limit in Abadan and Khoramshahr; air pollution resulted in closing several schools in three cities.
Specific Attention to the Violation of Human Rights
In this section of this monthly report, we highlight the most controversial and publicly sensitive cases of violations of human rights in Iran in the month of Apr-May 2017. It is obvious that more attention does not necessarily indicate the magnitude of the violations of human rights in that specific category.
Some of the most noted reports in this month were: the self-immolation of three street vendors due to the violence of the municipal authorities; a honor killing in the Khawja Rabiyah area of Mashhad; the travel ban on Zahra Nemati, the flagship player of Iran’s Paralympics team from his wife; the brain drain of a young girl due to beating and torturing by her stepfather; a report on the arrest of about 50 Sunni Muslims in Bukan; whipping a student from Lorestan by the Quran teacher; physical punishment of 4 Students in Ardebil with hose; student’s eye damaged; coordinated detention of at least 14 Baha’i citizens in southern cities; Mustafa Daneshjoo, one of the lawyers of Gonabadi Dervishes, was banned from graduate studies; imprisonment for three Baha’i citizens in Mashhad.
The least underlined human rights violations
In contrast to the reports indicated in the previous section, many human rights reports received little or no attention from social media, bloggers, Internet activists, who are considered key contributors of the public opinion. It should be note that this unintentional or intentional negligence has resulted in further spread of human rights violations in Iran.
The least noted reports relevant to the violation of human rights include: the arrest of a large number of Arab citizens in Shushtar did not result in proper public reaction; one prisoner was executed in Bandar Abbas Central Prison; a prisoner was executed in Mashhad; one individual was killed and two injured as a result of direct shootings by security forces in Suran; Security forces forcefully responded to gathering of Gonabadi Dervishes in Quar; banning people of Kurdistan from traveling to Zahedan; shutdown of the Office of Defending Children’s Rights; Qum scholars told Azzam Taleqani, one of Meli-Mazhabi activists, that they won’t let women become president in Iran; seven labor rights’ activists and women’s rights activists were summoned to Dezful Revolutionary Court; 780 infants and children were found to be poisoned with narcotics in the first nine months of last year.