Monthly Report – An Overview of the Human Rights Situation in Iran in January-February 2016
HRANA News Agency – The Department of Statistics and Publications of the Human Rights Activists Association of Iran has published the following monthly report on the human rights situation in Iran during the period of January-February, 2016 (Persian calendar month of Bahman, 1394). This report cannot perfectly and comprehensively reflect the details of human rights concerns in Iran for obvious reasons including the existing governmental limitations and ban on the free exchange of information. It should be noted that in addition to the monthly reports, the Department of Statistics and Publications of the Human Rights Activists Association of Iran publishes a comprehensive and analytical annual report at the end of each year.
An Analytical Overview on the Human Rights Situation in Iran January-February 2016
The systematic violation of human rights in Iran continued in the month of Bahman of the Persian calendar year, 1394 (Jan-Feb, 2016), however the number of executions declined in this month.
Fortunately less people were executed in this month. Reports regarding the execution of prisoners in the month of Bahman included the execution of two prisoners in Yazd; execution in Kermanshah; execution of a prisoner in Yasouj. These executions were covertly carried out without any media coverage.
In contrast to the executions, there were 68 cases of pardon and forgiveness in this month when the families of victims exonerated the criminals including pardon after 11 years; pardon of a criminal in the city of Mashhad by the family of 18 years old victim; pardon after 5 years in the province of Yazd; pardon of a female prisoner in Ardebil; pardon after 8 years in the province of Ahwaz.
Religious and Ethnic Minorities
The violations of the religious and ethnic minorities rights continued in this month. The most significant of these cases were the arrest of Asadollah Asadi in Tabriz; the arrest of two Bluchi individuals in the province of Golestan; killing a young person in the city of Ravansar who was shot by the security forces; shooting a citizen of Sistan Balouchestan leading to 52 death and / or injury in one year as well as the arrest of a few Pakistani individuals in Isfahan.
There were several reports regarding the continuous and systematic suppression of Baha’is including the severe judicial decree for a few Baha’Is in the province of Golestan.
Regarding the violations of Sunni minorities’ rights, there were several reports including the discovery of the audio spying devices in the office of the Friday Prayers Imam of Sunnis in Zahedan.
Regarding children’s rights, there were a couple of reports, the most notable of which were: teaching combat lessons to the kids to attack Tel Aviv; torturing to death of a 3 years old boy by his mother; physical punishment of a student by teacher in a school in Bahmnabti; public denouncement of two kids guilty of breaking a window of a store; the young students of the tribes in the city of Dezful abandoning schools in the absence of proper transportation and roads; a father selling his daughter to about $5,000.
In the category of women rights, there were several reports of assaults against Iranian women who have been continuously suppressed and deprived of their rights. Once again, these reports clearly demonstrate that the current government has not taken any serious action to support women rights in Iran. Some of the most notable reports in this category were honer killing of women being suspicious of extramarital affair including one women in Kerman; disproving ALL female candidates qualifications who registered for the Khobregan (Elite) parliament elections; banning women from watching the beach volleyball competitions; the offensive expression from the Friday Prayers Imam of Mashhad who told “it is shameful for women to win medals and competitions if they don’t put on decent clothing”.
In this month, there were several reports related to the labors’ rights movements or violations of labor rights including five years imprisonment decree for Davoud Razavi; the arrest of 20 employees of a Cupper mine in Khatoon-Abad; the imprisonment of a worker in the city of Saqez; beating several workers of a carwash by the staff of the municipality office. Moreover, 34 people died as a result of fatal work incidents resulted from lack of safety regulations at work.
In the field of trade union and union rights, there were a few reports in this month including closing one of the largest restaurants in the east of Tehran because of “not following the rules of social and religious decency”; the trial of Esmail Abdi while awaiting freedom on bail; the demonstration of union workers in the city of Tabriz after closing 150 cafes and sever physical confrontation with the local municipality staff.
Health and Environment
In the field of health and environmental protection, there were a few reports mainly involving air pollution resulting in the death of 6000 people; widespread HIV infection resulting in the death of 7,378 people in Iran; the recent report on the massive pollution of the Anzali bay by the sewage system of five local hospitals.
Specific Attention to the Violation of Human Rights
In this section of this monthly report, we highlight the most controversial and publicly sensitive cases of violations of human rights in Iran in the month of Jan.-Feb. 2016. It is obvious that more attention does not necessarily indicate the magnitude of the violations of human rights in that specific category.
Some of the most noted reports in this month were children working in brick factories in the south of Tehran; cancelation of Kaveh Yaghmaei’s concert for unclear reasons; releasing Atena Farghdani on bail; honor killings in Kerman; killing a person who intended to harass the mother of the murderer; tear gas in one public speech; several reports on increasing child marriage; marriage of 16-year-old boy with two girls at the same time.
The least underlined human rights violations
In contrast to the reports indicated in the previous section, many human rights reports received little or no attention from social media, bloggers, Internet activists, who are considered key contributors of the public opinion. It should be note that this unintentional or intentional negligence has resulted in further spread of human rights violations in Iran.
The least noted reports relevant to the violation of human rights include two months arrest and lack of news on whereabouts of two Sunni clergies; more than 250 children imprisoned in Iran over the last 10 months; 30 cases of child abuse in Mazandaran; the execution decree of a child – Himan Oraminezhad; the public execution of a prisoner.