A Comprehensive Report about the Situation in Central Prison of Sanandaj
HRANA News Agency – Applying the double restrictions by prison officials in Sanandaj prison along with a surplus population has made it very difficult for prisoners to serve their prison sentence. There widely are problems such as deliberate gas interruption, kidney and digestive diseases due to inappropriate drinking water, lack of appropriate medical facilities, non-separation of offenses, insulting and punishment and beating the prisoners, the poor quality and the lack of food in the prison, excessive congestion on the capacity and applying restrictions by prison officials based on what they would like.
According to the report of Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA), Sanandaj Central Prison has a very low standard for keeping inmates and ensuring that the prisoners have their own defined rights despite the media advertisements by the judiciary.
Although HRANA has published at least three reports on the situation of this prison in the past two years, the families of a number of detainees in Sanandaj Central Prison have been in contact with HRANA and told about the continuity of the problems and even the emergence of new difficulties.
Sanandaj Central Prison has 10 wards, one of which is specifically reserved for prisoners who use methadone. Each ward has several rooms that are separated by 1.5-meter walls or by the arrangement of beds. In average, the rooms have 10 beds and 12 m2 of the area.
Almost 20 – 25 prisoners are kept in each room. Usually, half of the prisoners are deprived of having a bed for sleeping and sleep on the floor of the rooms and corridors.
The major problems of prisoners in the Sanandaj Central Prison, which were documented in the field research for HRANA, are as follows:
– The deliberate gas interruption in the prison, which forces prisoners to use cold water for baths and caused inappropriate drinking water (this has caused high-grade prisoners to suffer kidney and prostate disease).
– Insulting and beating prisoners by guard officers.
– Punishing the prisoners through keeping them in solitary confinement for long-term and out-of-prison rules, especially in youth ward.
– Maintenance of prisoners who are not addicted in the ward of methadone prisoners (addicted prisoners)
– Lack of separation of healthy prisoners from prisoners suffering from contagious infectious diseases such as hepatitis and AIDS.
– Prison yard is unacceptably small for a massive prison population. Recently, prison management has increased the scheduling of coercion for going to the yard from once a day to twice a day in the morning and in the afternoon.
– Prisoners’ families have to wait in the street instead of local indoor to visit their loved ones. The lack of basic facilities such as toilet or access to drinking water has increased the difficulties for prisoners’ families, especially children.
– There is no natural light, neither enough lamps in the wards. Therefore, prisoners live in a low light environment that can lead to vision problems in the long term.
– Patients prisoners who need advanced treatment and have been sentenced to long-term imprisonments, would not be sent to the clinic out of the prison. Prisoners who suffer from problems such as dental, vision, orthopedics, internal organs, skin, ear, throat and nose, but their imprisonment sentence is more than a year, are deprived of being sent to clinics out of prison. Also, the specialist physician does not go to prison unlike many other prisons in the country.
– Sanandaj prison is in a bad condition in terms of food. The food has a very poor quality to the extent that most prisoners can only eat the food which they have bought on their personal expense.
– The entry of clothes for the prison is prohibited under the security pretexts, while prison stores also do not sell clothes, so the clothes of inmates are old. Many prisoners do not even have enough underwear because of lack of clothes.
– Prison stores sell products with low quality to prisoners with the prices four times more than out of prison. The prison cooperative that benefits from these stores, is not responsive to the protests.
– Inactivity in the work and support departments of detainees, violates the rights of detainees who are not able to pursue their legal affairs. For the simplest example, there is the long-term maintenance of prisoners as temporary and uncertain detention in this prison.
An informed source who is the family member of one prisoner in this prison, told HRANA’s reporter, “The severity of these problems is such that the prisoner of our family suffers from chronic depression and it is almost impossible for him to endure imprisonment.”