Identifying and introducing the mass graves of executed in 1980’s massacres in Kazerun

Posted on: July 18th, 2019

The 1980’s executions of the Iranian political prisoners were a series of state-sponsored execution of political prisoners across Iran. The unlawful mass execution is an undeniable truth and a cruel part of contemporary history in Iran. These executions took place between 1981-1988 nationwide and the victims had been buried in distorted areas. During the 1988 executions of the Iranian political prisoners committed by the state, the government used some places as the site of unmarked mass graves for those killed.

The place of their graves is still unknown after four decades and security forces have been trying to demolish these places as documents of human rights violations. Occasionally, some of these places are identified and introduced by the human rights activists. The last place is a mass grave of several victims in northwest of Kazerun which is introduced in this report aiming to investigate serious allegations of human rights violations and crimes against humanity in the Islamic Republic of Iran during the 1980’s.

According to HRANA, Iran’s Human Rights Activist News Agency, during 1980’s, especially between 1981-1988, thousands of political prisoners were illegally executed and buried in unmarked locations. The struggle to identify these places is important for documenting Human Rights violations and crimes against humanity in Iran. Earlier, HRANA published reports about several mass graves in Bandar-e Gaz and Ahvaz. This report, which was prepared based on field research and witnesses interviews, focuses on the mass grave of political prisoners found in Kazerun city, in Fars province.

An irregular unnamed cemetery is in an ally in Neshat street in northwest of Kazerun with the coordinates of 510624205 ad 290628464. This land was never used as a cemetery; it was used as an entrance way to a village. It was used as a mass grave to bury the executed political prisoners with the permission of authorities. According to international organizations and informed parties, 40-50 people were executed in this city and its surroundings between 1981-1988. The executed prisoners are identified as the followings:

Saeed Abedi, Abbas Abedi, Kazem Abedi, Ahmad Nikan, Mohammad Hasan Forsat, Javad Forsat, Maoud Mokhtari, Hamid Mokhtari, Bahram Khayer, Farideh Rahsepar, Fatemeh Hosseini, Sedigheh Sadeghpour, Majid Niknam, Rasoul Dorkhah, Azim Khodadadi, Ebrahim Haya, Keramat Sivandi, Iraj Moghadasi, Elaheh Homayouni, Kavous Rezaei, Majid Kashani, Ghasem Taghipour, Shahram Karimi, Saeed Golestan Fard, Samad Golestan Fard, Mehdi Sheikhian, Mohammad Boostani, Gholamreza Zahedani, Gholam Zarei, Hamid Jokar, Shahnaz Galleh, Nabi Dehghan, Khodadad Moezeni, Bijan Ghasabnejad, Parviz Tohidi, Majid Arasteh, Javad Irani, Javad Izadi, and Mostafa Davoudi.

The precise number and identity of the buried are not mentioned in this report; however, based on the field investigations, it can be claimed that Mehdi Sheikhian, Masoud Mokhtari, Nabi Dehghan, Iraj Moghadasi, Majid Kashani, and Shahnaz Galleh are buried in this mass grave. The primary evaluation confirms that at least 15 bodies are buried in this mass grave. Identifying the rest of the bodies is ongoing.

Kazerun is the capital of Kazerun county in the western Fars province located in south of Iran.

The following video is the current footage of the site:

A Daily Overview of Human Rights Violations in Iran for February 2, 2019

Posted on: February 2nd, 2019

The following is an overview of human rights violations in Iran on February 2nd, 2019 based on the information compiled and verified by Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA).

(1) Karim Mohebbi was executed in the central prison of Tabriz on the charge of murder and another prisoner was sentenced to public hanging in Gilan.

(2) More than four protests were organized across the country. Educators in the cities of Karun and Bavi, the customers of two Iranian automakers, Iran Khodro (IKCO) and Kerman Motor, the students of Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch in Tehran, and the investors of the project of Shahid Keshvari in Isfahan have held separate protests to request their demands.

(3) A landmine explosion severely injured a citizen in the city of Dehloran. More than 42 thousand square kilometers of the lands in the Iran‘s western provinces contain landmines left from the Iran-Iraq war. Dehloran is in the Ilam province.

(4) Five Baha’i residents of Shiraz have been sentenced to six months imprisonment, each, on the charge of “propaganda against the state”. They were identified as the following: Farhad Sarafraz, Shahram Mansour, Vahid Dana, Saeed Abedi, and Adib Haqpajouh.

(5) An Azerbaijani Turkic minority rights activist, Hakimeh Ahmadi, is in prison since October 18, 2018. According to Hrana, she underwent hospital treatment for rib cage and finger injuries which have been occurred in the Intelligence detention in Marand County. Security forces entered Ahmadi’s home on October 18th, threatening both her and her spouse with a weapon. She was arrested and transferred without explanation to an undisclosed location. In a video which was published on October 30th, Ahmadi’s husband, Gholamreza Ghorbani, related news of her hospital transfer, explaining that authorities had refused to disclose where she had been admitted, forbade him from visiting, and advised him that pending treatments would be at his and Ahmadi’s expense.

(6) Expulsion of Sepehr Shahidi Ghamsari, a Baha’i civil engineering student from Sina Higher Education Institute in Kashan due to his faith. Baha’i students in Iran routinely experience either denial of entrance to university or removal from student lists during their studies. Numerous reports are published annually regarding the barring of Baha’i citizens from education.

(7) Reza Khandan and Farhad Meysami filed an appeal against their conviction. They have been sentenced to six years in prison each, and were banned for two years form traveling, membership in any social or political group, and internet activism.

(8) The second court session of eight environmentalists on the espionage-related charges was in session in Tehran. Moreover, five of the detained environmental activists were charged with “corruption on earth”.

(9) A detained Baha’i citizen, Maryam Ghafarmanesh , was arrested on September 16th, 2019. Her family did not receive any answer to why, and for how long, she will be held in prison. She was one of the eight Baha’i citizen who were arrested and transferred to Evin prison between September 16th and October 17th. They were identified as Parvan Manavi, Elham Salmanzadeh, Hooman Khoshnam, Payam Shabani, Peyman Manavi, Maryam Ghaffarmanesh, Jamileh Pakrou (Mohammad Hossein) and Kianoush Salmanzadeh.

(10) Jafar Azimzadeh, the leading member of the Free Union of Workers in Iran, was transferred to Evin prison to serve his six-year prison term. Moreover, Azimzadeh and Shapour Ehsanirad have been acquitted of charges of “acting against national security” in June 2018. In 2016 he was sentenced to 17 years in prison over charges of “propaganda against the state” and “assembly and collusion against national security through organizing an illegal group’.

(11) Hossein Rezaei, a teacher and the secretary of the teachers’ union in Bushehr, who was arrested on January 26, was released on bail. He had been summoned twice to the intelligence office and was interrogated in January.

(12) The workers of Saman Tile Manufacturing Company in Borujerd, have more than four years of unpaid wages. The workers of IranPetroTech have also unpaid wages and 12 workers of this company have been laid off last month.

(13) A labor activist, Behnam Ebrahimzadeh, has been detained for one month and a half, although his family provided his bail bond which has been set for 200 million Toman [approximately 20 thousand USD]. He had been released from prison last year after finishing his seven years sentence.

(14) The special needs students’ transportation vehicle crashed, leaving eight injured in Sharafkhaneh in Shabestar County in the East Azerbaijan Province.

(15) Iran has six thousand disabled veteran women of Iran-Iraq War and more than six thousand women had been killed in this war. These women and their families have been treated unequally by the government and the society in comparison with men veterans.

(16) Saeed Malekpour’s mother wrote an open letter to Tehran’s Prosecutor General to request her son’s release after serving ten years in prison. A Canadian resident and alumna of Sharif University was arrested in 2008, during a trip to Iran on blasphemy-related charges. According to Hrana, the Cyber Unit of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), accusing Malekpour of managing Persian-language pornographic websites, arrested him during a trip to Iran to visit his family and sentenced him to death plus seven and a half years in prison, on counts of “propaganda against the regime,” “blasphemy,” “insulting the Supreme Leader,” “insulting the president,” “contacting opposition groups” and “corruption on earth.” Malekpour’s death penalty sentence was eventually reduced to a life sentence. Throughout his legal proceedings, Malekpour has insisted that case analysis by a computer and internet expert would absolve him of the charges.

(17) Hamid Askari, a singer, was banned from working and the rest of his concerts have been canceled because of featuring a female vocalist and guitar player, Negin Parsa, in his concert. Women are prohibited from singing or playing musical instruments solo in Iran.