HRANA News Agency – The Department of Statistics and Publications of the Human Rights Activists Association of Iran has published the following monthly report on the human rights situation in Iran during the period of December, 2015 – January, 2016 (Persian calendar month of Day, 1394). This report cannot perfectly and comprehensively reflect the details of human rights concerns in Iran for obvious reasons including the existing governmental limitations and ban on the free exchange of information. It should be noted that in addition to the monthly reports, the Department of Statistics and Publications of the Human Rights Activists Association of Iran publishes a comprehensive and analytical annual report at the end of each year.
An Analytical Overview on the Human Rights Situation in Iran December 2015-January 2016
The systematic violation of human rights in Iran continued in the month of Day of the Persian calendar year, 1394 (Dec, 2015 – Jan, 2016). This month ended with the executions of 74 individuals in the provinces of Gilan, Yazd, Alborz, Kerman, West Azerbaijan , East Azerbaijan, Khorasan-Razavi, Qazvin, Hormazgan, Fars, Zanjan, Lorestan, Hamedan, and Mazandarn demonstrating a significant increase in the number of executions with respect to previous month.
Unfortunately more people were executed in this month, and one of the most controversial reports was the execution of six individuals in Orumieh; public executions in Shabestar, Khoy, and Mianroud; and executions of eight individuals in Qazvin.
In contrast to the number of executions, there were 27 cases of pardon and forgiveness in this month when the families of victims exonerated the criminals including pardon after 10 years in the province of Alborz; pardon after 7 years in the province of Ardebil; pardon after 6 years in Maragheh; pardon after 8 years in the province of Alborz; pardon after 13 years.
Religious and Ethnic Minorities
The violations of the religious and ethnic minorities rights continued in this month. The most significant of these cases were the elimination of the name Sistan Balouchestan province from a banner designed for the week of unity; the arrest and unknown status of Amjad and Sousan Suleimani; the arrest of one individual in Saqez. The violations of Baha’i citizens continued in this month including the arrest of one Baha’I individual in Sanandaj, however the number of these reports decreased when compared to previous months.
Regarding the violations of Sunni minorities’ rights, there were several reports including summoning the Sunni Imam of the Nasir-Abad Sarbaz city to the ministry of intelligence office; the arrest and unknown status of a Sunni individual in Boukan. One of the most controversial reports in the category of the violations of ethnic minority rights was the arrest of a couple of new Christian converts in the city of Shiraz.
Regarding children’s rights, there were a couple of reports, the most notable of which were the presence of one million children deprived of education; suicide news of one student in a school in the city of Damavand; beating of Afghan students in school as disciplinary action; setting the dolls on fire in a primary school; suicide news of one student in the city of Yazd; children marriage and domestic violence including beating to death of a newly married 15 years old girl in Ardebil.
In the category of women rights, there were several reports of assaults against Iranian women who have been continuously suppressed and deprived of their rights. Once again, these reports clearly demonstrated that the current government has not taken any serious action to support women rights in Iran. Some of the most notable reports in this category were suicide news of two girls after being dismissed from the Heath and Welfare shelter; a report concerning higher level of unemployment (almost twice) amongst females compared to men; banning females from working at the cafés.
In this month, there were several reports related to the labors’ rights movements or violations of labor rights including the arrest of twelve workers of a Cement factory in the city of Doroud; the trial of Davoud Razavi in the revolutionary court; the mass dismissal of several employees of a biopharmaceutical company; the demonstration of hundreds of workers in front of Majlis (parliament). Moreover, 31 workers died due to fatal work incident resulted from lack of safety regulations at work.
In the field of trade union and union rights, there were a few reports in this month including closing the cafés being located neighboring women beauty salon or high school; shutting down five traditional cafés in the city of Chalous; the arrest of a number of protesting physicians who gathered in front of the ministry of health; Vendors being banned from the subway; a major project on gathering the vendors in Tehran.
Health and Environment
In the field of health and environmental protection, there were a few reports mainly involving pandemic Influenza in Iran and air pollution resulting in the death of 3 students (because of air pollution), 112 individuals (as a result of pandemic Influenza), 3 soldiers (because of air pollution), and 11 people (as a result of pandemic Influenza).
Specific Attention to the Violation of Human Rights
In this section of this monthly report, we highlight the most controversial and publicly sensitive cases of violations of human rights in Iran in the month of Dec. 2015 – Jan. 2016. It is obvious that more attention does not necessarily indicate the magnitude of the violations of human rights in that specific category.
Some of the most noted reports in this month include a mother-in-law being imprisoned as a result a family feud, Ferdowsipoor (the famous sport moderator) threatened to be dismissed; the government spokesman criticizing the National TV for not broadcasting the interview of Javad Zarif; non-issuance of a license for a music album by the Ministry of Culture; issuing the verdict of accused individuals in the case of Khomeini Hospital; the arrest of Sosha Makani (the goalkeeper of Persepolis Footbal Club); the arrest of Hilla Siddiqu; banning Niki Karimi’s screenplays.
The least underlined human rights violations
In contrast to the reports indicated in the previous section, many human rights reports received little or no attention from social media, bloggers, Internet activists, who are considered key contributors of the public opinion. It should be note that this unintentional or intentional negligence has resulted in further spread of human rights violations in Iran.
The least noted reports relevant to the violation of human rights include the news about a group of villagers who still don’t know the president of the country; publishing a list of 27 Sunni prisoners in Rajai Shahr awaiting execution; over eighty percent of offenders in Kermanshah were unemployed; a number of Christian converts were arrested in Shiraz; Bahar newspaper was banned; 27 prisoners (imprisoned with political or security charges) imprisoned against the law of segregation of the prisoners based on the type of crime in the prison of Orumiah; a student who was recently released from imprison is deprived from education.