Farshid Rakshani Rad Executed in Birjand Prison in South Khorasan Province

On Wednesday, September 15, Farshid Rakhshani Rad was executed in Birjand Prison in South Khorasan Province.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting The Baloch Activists Campaign, Mr. Rakhshani Rad had previously been sentenced to death on drug-related charges. He was from Mashhad.

Iran ranks first in the world in citizen executions per capita, according to international organizations. The Statistics and Publication Center of the Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) reported that between January 1 and December 20 of 2020, at least 236 citizens were executed. One of these citizens was executed publicly, and two were juvenile offenders.

An additional 95 citizens were sentenced to death. According to the same report, more than 72% of executions in Iran are not reported by the government or the judiciary, which human rights organizations call “secret” executions.

As of this writing, the execution of Mr. Rakhshani Rad has not been announced by Iranian media or official sources.

Inmate Executed in Vakilabad Prison on Charge of Murder

At dawn on Sunday, September 5, a prisoner named Karamat who had previously been sentenced to death for murder was executed in Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad.

According to  HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting Rokna, the sentence was upheld by Branch 31 of the Supreme Court.

Iran ranks first in the world in citizen executions per capita, according to international organizations. The Statistics and Publication Center of the Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) reported that between January 1 and December 20 of 2020, at least 236 citizens were executed.

One of these citizens was executed publicly, and two were juvenile offenders. An additional 95 citizens were sentenced to death. According to the same report, more than 72% of executions in Iran are not reported by the government or the judiciary, which human rights organizations call “secret” executions.

Abbas Vahedian Shahroudi Detained by Security Forces in Rezvanshahr

At noon on Wednesday, September 1, writer, teacher, and civil activist Abbas Vahedian Shahroudi was arrested by intelligence agents in Rezvanshahr and taken to an unknown location.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, meanwhile, Vahedian’s daughter’s home in Mashhad was searched and inspected by security forces and some personal belongings were confiscated.

Mr. Vahedian has previously been arrested and convicted for his writings and activistm. He was arrested in Mashhad in October 2018 and later charged by Branch 903 of the Revolutionary Court of Mashhad with “acting against national security”, and “attempting to overthrow the regime”. He was released on bail of 350 million tomans from Vakilabad prison in Mashhad in December 2018.

Shortly after his interrogation, in August 2019, Vahedian was again arrested and transferred to Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad . He was one of the 14 signatories of a letter of request for the resignation of Ayatollah Khamenei, the supreme leader. Mr. Vahedian was released on bail from Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad in July 2020.

The Return of Genghis Khan the Mongol is one of Abbas Vahedian Shahroudi’s published books.

Activists Hashem Amini and Nosrat Beheshti Arrested; Javad Lal Mohammadi and Fatemeh Sepehri Still in Detention

Activists Hashem Amini and Nosrat Beheshti were recently arrested by security forces, while activists Javad Lal Mohammadi and Fatemeh Sepehri are still in detention.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, Hashem Amini, a civil activist native of Bajestan, was arrested and transferred to Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad on Wednesday, August 4, after being summoned by the Gonabad prosecutor’s office. Meanwhile, Nosrat Beheshti, a retired activist living in Mashhad, was detained by security forces at his home and then taken to an unknown location.

Amini was previously arrested by security forces at his home in Bajestan on June 17 and had been transferred to the Mashhad Intelligence Detention Center. He was released on bail from the Gonabad Intelligence Bureau in Khorasan Razavi Province on Thursday, July 8.

Nosrat Beheshti had previously been detained for signing the resignation request letter of Ali Khamenei the supreme leader in 2019.
Javad Lal Mohammadi and Fatemeh Sepehri are still in custody. These citizens were arrested by security forces on Sunday, August 1, during a protest rally in support of the people of Khuzestan in Mashhad.

Fatemeh Sepehri and Javad Laleh Mohammadi, are also signatories of the request letter for the Supreme Leader’s resignation, and they had previously been arrested and convicted for it.

According to a source close to the families of the two civil activists, Ms. Sepehri informed her family about her detention in the Mashhad Intelligence Office detention center on a short call. However, Javad Lal Mohammadi has not contacted his relatives since his arrest. Mr. Lal Mohammadi’s family follow-up has been inconclusive.

Several Citizens Including Javad Laleh Mohammadi and Fatemeh Sepehri Arrested During Protest in Mashhad

On Sunday, August 1, during a protest rally in support of the people of Khuzestan a number of citizens, including civil activists Javad La’l Mohammadi and Fatemeh Sepehri, were arrested and taken to an unknown location by security forces in Mashhad.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, the rally, which was held in Mashhad’s Mellat Park, faced violence after the arrival of military and security forces.

The protesting citizens gathered in another park in the city of Mashhad and chanted slogans in support of the people of Khuzestan, and demanded the release of political prisoners after being violently confronted by security forces at Mellat Park.

The detained civil activists have not contacted their families as of this writing, which has raised concerns about the condition of detainees. The exact number and identities of other detained citizens during the rally are unknown, and HRANA is still investigating to find names and information about other detainees.

Fatemeh Sepehri and Javad La’l Mohammadi, who were signatories of  the Supreme Leader’s resignation request letter in 2019, had been arrested and convicted for signing that letter.

 

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Two Prisoners Executed in Mashhad Prison on Charges of Murder

On Sunday, August 1, two prisoners who were previously sentenced to death in separate cases on murder charges were executed in Mashhad Prison.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting Rokna, the report identifies the executed prisoners as 57-year-old Hassan and 61-year-old Ali.

Iran ranks first in the world in citizen executions per capita, according to international organizations. The Statistics and Publication Center of the Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) reported that between January 1 and December 20 of 2020, at least 236 citizens were executed.

One of these citizens was executed publicly, and two were juvenile offenders. An additional 95 citizens were sentenced to death. According to the same report, more than 72% of executions in Iran are not reported by the government or the judiciary, which human rights organizations call “secret” executions.

HRANA Recap: This Week’s Protests in Iran

The Khuzestan Water Crisis dominated this week’s protests in Iran. Citizens in over 28 cities held rallies in protest of the mismanagement from officials that has led to water shortages throughout the province and the drying of the Karun river. A number of labor protests took place as well, and in some areas the ongoing oil protests continued.

Friday July 16 & Saturday July 17

Farmers in Dezful, a group of workers Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry Co, fired workers and pest control workers of Haft Tappeh, members of Jam-e- Jam employees’ housing cooperative in Tehran, and a number of workers of Kut Abdollah municipality rallied protests and called on their demands to be met. On Saturday, the people of Khuzestan protested the water cut in the cities of Shavaur, Karkheh, Susangard, Kut Seyed Naeem, Shadegan, Ahvaz, Kut Abdollah, Hamidiyeh, and Shush. In addition, the people of Mashhad in Khorasan Razavi province joined the rallies in support of the people of Khuzestan.

Fired workers of Haft Tappeh:


Pest control workers of Haft Tappeh:

Rally of farmers in Dezful:

 

Workers of Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry:

 

Employees of Jam-e- Jam housing cooperative in Tehran:

 

Workers of Kut Abdollah municipality:

Sunday, July 18

A group of workers of Shafa Rud dam in Gilan, retirees in Rasht and Mashhad, a number of official forces of Ahvaz Water and Sewerage Company, retirees of Isfahan steel and Khuzestan steel in their provinces, a group of workers of Haft Tappeh company from all sectors for a sixth day in the row, a group of striking workers of the Dehdasht oil projects, and a number of welders of the Hafshejan pipeline project demanded that their requests be addressed. Meanwhile, on the fourth day of the protests in Khuzestan, People in Susangard, and Ahvaz marched rallies, which were met with shooting and tear gas from military forces.

Workers of Dehdasht and Hafshejan projects:

 

 

Workers of Shafa Rud dam in Gilan:

Retirees in Rasht and Mashhad:

Official forces of Ahvaz Water and Sewerage Company:

Retirees of Isfahan steel, and Khuzestan steel:

 

Workers Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry:

 

Monday July 19 and Tuesday July 20

A number of Caspian Institute shareholders in Tehran, a group of retirees of East Azerbaijan Telecommunication Company in Tabriz, a group of suburban bus and minibus drivers in Tehran, a numberof workers Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry workers from all sectors for the seventh and eighth consecutive day, collectors of burnt oil In Tehran, a group of workers from the Sungun copper mine and the staff of the Ajin Iron Company, and  a number of fired workers from the municipality of District 2 in Ahvaz held rallies.

Additionally, a group of workers of the oil projects of Pian village in Khuzestan, a number of workers of the Lordegan oil projects, a group from workers in oil projects in Gahru, some operational staff of POGC company, a number of office employees of the oil industry in Fajr Jam gas refining company, contract workers of phases 9 and 10 of South Pars region, a number of farmers of Isfahan, a number of cattle breeders of Neishabour held protest rallies and called on their demands to be addressed. Also, a widespread protest of the people of Khuzestan against water cuts and mismanagement was ongoing in the fifth and sixth days, in different cities of Ahvaz, Mahshahr, Kut Abdollah, Khorramshahr, Chamran, Hamidiyeh, Ramhormoz, Susangar, Veys, Shadegan, Abadan and Izeh.

Caspian Institute shareholders:

East Azerbaijan Telecommunication Company in Tabriz:

Suburban bus and minibus drivers in Tehran:

Workers of Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry:

 

Workers of the Lordegan oil projects:

 

Workers from the municipality of District 2 in Ahvaz:

Workers of the oil projects of Pian village in Izeh, Khuzestan:

 

Cattle breeders of Neishabour:

 

Farmers in Isfahan:

 

Contract workers of phases 9 and 10 of South Pars region:

Official employees of Fajr Jam gas refinery:

Workers in oil projects in Gahru:

 

Operational staff of POGC company:

Wednesday, July 21

A number of film and television artists in Tehran rallied supporting protesters in Khuzestan. A group of workers from workers Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry from all sectors of the company held protest rallies for the ninth day in a row, calling their demands to be addressed. Also, widespread protests by the people of Khuzestan against water shortage and lack of water management continued in the cities of the province, including Ramshir,Susangard, Sheiban, Elahi, Ahvaz, Masjed Soleiman, Behbahan, and Bandar Mahshahr. In at least two other cities, including Yazdan in Isfahan and Bandar Genaveh in Bushehr province, people rallied in support of the people of Khuzestan.

Film and television artists in Tehran:

Workers from workers Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry:

Thursday, July 22

A number of workers and employees of Khorasan Railway, a group of farmers of Shabiluy village from Poldasht, West Azerbaijan province, a number of workers Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry from all sectors, for the tenth day in a row held protest rallies and called on their demands to be addressed. Also,a number of employed and retired teachers in Kermanshah province supported the protests of the people of Khuzestan by holding a rally in Kermanshah.

Teachers in Kermanshah supported the protests of the people of Khuzestan:

Workers and employees of Khorasan Railway:

Farmers of Shabiluy village in Poldasht, West Azerbaijan:

Workers Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry:

 

 

Five Day Summary: Recap of Ongoing Protests over Water Crisis in Khuzestan

Today, July 19, the widespread protests in Khuzestan over the mismanagement of officials regarding the ongoing water crisis continued for a fifth consecutive day. Since the start of the protests on Thursday, provincial authorities have confirmed that at least two civilians have been killed by military forces.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, today’s rallies in Khuzestan took place in Hamidiyeh, Ahvaz, Kut Abdullah, Susangard, Ramhormoz, Mahshahr, Khorramshahr, Veys, and Chamranhere. There were no reports of violence or shootings by government forces except a report from Chamran city, which seems to be aerial shooting.

 

 

The weekend’s demonstrations also saw heavy escalation. As shown in videos previously published by HRANA, the Susangard protests were responded to with violence from on-duty military forces this Sunday. In multiple areas police opened fire on unarmed protesters.

The protestors blocked the roads connecting Ahvaz to Khorramshahr and Ahvaz to Shush by lighting fires. There have also reportedly been sporadic internet outages across the province.

Since the second day of the protests, provincial officials have confirmed that two citizens, 30-year-old Mostafa Naeemawi from Shadegan, and 17-year-old Ghasem Naseri (Khaziri) from the Kut Abdollah area of Ahvaz, were killed during the protests. HRANA has received reports, which have yet to be verified, of a third civilian additionally being shot dead by military forces.

Previously, the governor of Khuzestan said,  “The published videos of the protests in the province are fake and no protest has taken place.”

“Some seek to provoke the people and publish fake images of the protests in cyberspace,” the governor  further stated. “For example, nothing has happened in the cities of Khorramshahr and Susangard, but clips related to the past events are published in cyberspace!”

Public rallies to protest the water cuts and lack of access to drinking water began on the night of Thursday, July 15, and have spread to at least 17 cities so far.

During the last four days, people protested in at least 17 cities, including Shavur, Karkheh, Kut Seyed Naeem, Shush, Ahvaz, Abadan, Hamidiyeh, Bostan, Susangard, Bandar Mahshahr, Khorramshahr, Shadegan, Kut Abdollah, Mollasani, Hoveyzeh, and Abou Homeyzeh in Khuzestan Province and Mashhad. In some of the released videos, the sounds of gunfire can be heard, and a recurring theme across the footage is the heavy presence of armed military and security forces.

Local sources published reports, as of yet unverified, that several protesting citizens were injured and many others were detained in the city of Khorramshahr. So far, Abdolreza Soleimani, Darem Soleimani, Mansour Soleimani, Yarullah Soleimani and his son Ali Soleimani, all residents of Khorramshahr, are reportedly detained.

Workers at the Haft Tappeh Sugarcane Agro-Industry Company supported protests in Khuzestan during their rally and march on Sunday, July 18.

A resident of Ahvaz told HRANA about the situation in the city, “Special forces from other places are quickly (being) deployed to Ahvaz to suppress young protestors. Access to drinking water is one of the most basic civil rights. While Khuzestan was once considered the most water-rich province in the country, the mismanagement has led to the crisis of supply of drinking water in Khuzestan to become a serious challenge for people.”

Mahmoud Ahmadi Bighash, a representative of Shazand City in Parliament, said that providing water and development is an immediate responsibility of the entire government. Bighash wrote in a tweet:

“The situation in Khuzestan is concerning, I point it out indirectly, be very careful about what happened in Khuzestan; open all the [Karun River’s] water sources to quench Khuzestan’s thirst and put out the fire.”

Abdullah Izad Panah, Speaker of the House of Representatives of Khuzestan, also gave a statement in a recent meeting about crisis management in which he criticized the water transfer projects in the province.

“Water transfer projects should be stopped,” the representative said. “Drought is just one side of the issue. The transfer of water has caused Khuzestan to fall to this condition.”

Earlier, Jalil Mokhtar, the representative of Abadan, considered the problems caused by the transfer of water from Khuzestan province to other provinces, and mismanagement.

“Unfortunately, we have witnessed the water transfer from Khuzestan to other areas based on government approvals,” Mokhtar said. “Khuzestan, which was a fertile plain, is now on a desertification path.”

The Human Rights Defenders Association wrote an open letter to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights expressing concern about the suppression of protesters of the water crisis by security officials and calling for an end to the suppression.

“Khuzestan province, despite having rich oil resources, is among the most deprived provinces in Iran, and its residents are facing a high range unemployment, losing water sources, polluted air, and frequent power outages, so their protests are completely justified, and the response must not be bullets and imprisonment.”

Watch our compilation of video footage taken at various protests throughout the province.

Supreme Court Confirms Sentence for Two Defendants in Mashhad

The Supreme Court recently confirmed the sentences of two defendants, a man and a woman, in Mashhad.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting Khorasan Newspaper, the pair allegedly conspired to commit a murder together amidst an extramarital affair, and were charged with first and second degree murder respectively.

Sakineh, the second-degree defendant, was sentenced to 15 years in prison for her role in the murder, and 99 lashes for having an extramarital affair.

Mustafa, the first-degree defendant, was sentenced to death by hanging for murder, one year in prison for possession of an illegal weapon, and 99 lashes for having an extramarital affair.

The defendants objected to the verdict issued by the judges of Criminal Court One, and the case was sent to the Supreme Court. Judges of Branch 20 of the Supreme Court upheld the verdict.

Ali-P Executed in Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad on Charge of Murder

At dawn on Monday, July 5, a prisoner who had previously been sentenced to death on a charge of murder was executed in Vakilabad Prison in Mashhad.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting the Khorasan newspaper, the report identifies the prisoner as Ali-P, 45, who killed his wife in August 2009.

Iran ranks first in the world in citizen executions per capita, according to international organizations. The Statistics and Publication Center of the Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) reported that between January 1 and December 20 of 2020, at least 236 citizens were executed.

One of these citizens was executed publicly, and two were juvenile offenders. An additional 95 citizens were sentenced to death.

According to the report, more than 72% of executions in Iran are not reported by the government or the judiciary. Human rights organizations call these “secret executions”.