Iran protests: Ali Davari on Trial for Allegedly ‘Enmity against God’ and ‘Spreading Corruption on Earth’

On December 24, 2022, the Rasht Revolutionary Court held the first court session against Ali (Makan) Davari, accused of the charges of ‘enmity against God’ (Moharebeh) and ‘spreading corruption on earth.’ Davari, a resident of Langarud, was arrested over protests and is currently in pre-trial detention at Ezbaram Lahijan Prison, Gilan Province.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, on December 24, 2022, Ali (Makan) Davari’s trial began by the Rasht Revolutionary Court.

An informed source close to his family told HRANA: “In the first week of nationwide protests, on the way returning home from the gym, Makan helped several women in rescuing themselves from the assault of a group of men who later he found out that they were plainclothes security agents.”

According to this informed source, Davari’s mother, who is suffering from leukemia, was physically pushed and assaulted by the agents in the Langarud courthouse, where she had been to inquire about his son’s condition.

“In the first days following his arrest, they promised him and his family to drop the charges on the condition his family would not publicize his arrest and the charges. However, after three months, they did not keep their promise,” the informed source added.

In recent months, many protestors have faced charges such as Moharebeh and “spreading corruption on earth,” which can result in death.

HRANA has detailed the legal cases of 58 citizens sentenced to death or under the impending threat of death sentence over protests. Read this report here.

 

18-Year-Old Mehdi Mohammadi-Fard Sentenced to Death over Protests

The Revolutionary Court of Sari sentenced Mehdi Mohammadi-Fard to death on the charges of “spreading corruption on earth” and “enmity against God (Moharebeh).” He was previously arrested at protests in Nowshahr.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, Mehdi Mohammadi-Fard, age 18, was sentenced to death (two times for two counts).

Along with this death sentence, Mohammadi-Fard received six months for “propaganda against the regime,” two years for “inciting people to murder and disrupt national security,” and one year for “insulting the Supreme Leader of Iran.”

According to a report obtained by HRANA, Mohammadi-Fard has been denied the right to choose his lawyer. Also, an informed source told HRANA that all his confessions had been extracted under torture and ill-treatment.

Mohammadi-Fard was arrested at protests on September 30, 2022, in Nowshahr.

HRANA has detailed the legal cases of 58 citizens sentenced to death or under the impending threat of death sentence over protests. Read this report here.

 

 

 

58 Citizens Sentenced to Death or under the Impending Threat of Death Sentence

Dozens of Iranian people arrested at recent protests either have been sentenced to death or have faced charges such as “armed insurrection against the regime (Baghi)”, “enmity against God (Moharebeh)”, or “spreading corruption on the earth”. Charges which may result in death penalty. At the time of this writing, 2 protestors have been executed, 11 others have been sentenced to death and 47 others are facing charges that could lead to death sentences. This report provides the legal case details of 58 of these individuals.

Several arrested individuals have been accused of “leading protests” by the Judicial officials. Allegations that have resulted in charges such as Baghi, Moharebeh, and Spreading Corruption on earth.

At the time of this writing, HRANA can verify the issuance of 11 death sentences against imprisoned protestors as enlisted in this report. The other 47 people listed below are under the impending threat of death sentence.

Due to the lack of transparency in the judicial process, in many cases opened by security institutions against the protestors, the identities of some co-defendants remain undisclosed. For example, reports obtained by HRANA about a legal case over an incident during protests in the Ekbatan town of Tehran that led to the death of a Basij Militia agent, Arman Aliverdi, indicate that there are nine co-defendants. Nonetheless, HRANA has been able to identify only two of them. Similarly, in another legal case regarding protests in two neighborhoods in Isfahan that led to the death of three security forces (Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi, and two Basij Militia individuals Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi), HRANA could identify only 6 out of 10 co-defendants.

It is worth noting that at the time of this writing, the executions of two protestors, Mohsen Shekari and Majid-Reza Rahnavard, were carried out following an extremely quick and non-transparent judicial process, Mohsen and Majid-Reza did not even have access to chosen lawyers at their trials. Mohsen Shekari was executed in Tehran after 74 days of detention on December 8, 2022, and Majid-Reza Rahnavard was publicly executed by being hanged in Mashhad on December 12, 2022, only 23 days after his arrest.

The following enlists legal case details of 58 detainees who are either sentenced to death or at risk of receiving a death sentence.


Mahan Sadrat Marni
Mahan Sadrat Marni

1. Mahan Sadrat Marni (Madani)

Case Name: Tehran Protests (Sadrat Marni vs Mohammad-Reza Qanbartalab)
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
Other charges: (as stated by judicial authorities)
blocking the street, setting fire to Qanbartalab ‘s motorcycle and smashing his cell phone. Stabbing intentionally Qanbartalab.
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Sentenced to death by Branch 26 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court/  temporary suspension of execution of the sentence /The case delivered to Branch 9 of the Supreme Court


Sahand Nour-Mohammadzadeh
Sahand Nour-Mohammadzadeh

2. Sahand Nour-Mohammadzadeh
Case Name:  Tehran Protests ( Ashrafi Esfahani Expressway)
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge:  Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
Other charges: (as stated by judicial authorities)
Blocking the  Ashrafi Esfahani Expressway by dismantling the street fences and burning the car tires and trash containers.
 The latest situation according to the reports obtained by  HRANA:
Sentenced to death by Branch 29 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court

 


Mohammad Ghobadloo
Mohammad Ghobadloo

3. Mohammad Ghobadloo
Case Name:  Tehran Protests
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Spreading Corruption on Earth
Other charges: (as stated by judicial authorities)
Running over the police by car which leading to the death of chief warrant officer Farid Karampour and injuring of five other police agents.
 The latest situation according to the reports obtained by  HRANA:
Sentenced to death by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court/ reviewing the case in Branch 1 of the Criminal Court.


Mohammad Boroughani
Mohammad Boroughani

4. Mohammad Boroughani
Case Name:  Tehran Protests (fire in the Pakdasht governorate building)
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge:  Enmity against God ( Moharebeh) (the first defendant)
Other charges: (as stated by judicial authorities)
Using a cold weapon, setting fire to the Pakdasht governorate building and injuring a police officer.
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Sentenced to death by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court

 


Manuchehr Mehman-Navaz
Manuchehr Mehman-Navaz

5. Manuchehr Mehman-Navaz
Case Name: Tehran Protests (fire in Qarchak  District administration)
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge:  Enmity against God ( Moharebeh) (the first defendant)
Other charges: (as stated by judicial authorities)
Arson attacks on buildings to confront the regime. Assembly and collusion against national security. Disturbing public order by creating unrest and chaos. Participating in illegal protests, throwing Molotov cocktails toward the premises of Qarchak  District administration, its security room and six vehicles.
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Sentenced to death by Branch 28 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court


Mohammad-Mehdi Karami
Mohammad-Mehdi Karami

6. Mohammad-Mehdi Karami
Case Name: The incidents on the 40th day of Hadis Najafi’s death led to the death of a Basij Militia force Ruhollah Ajamian
Province: Alborz
The most serious charge:  Spreading Corruption on Earth (the first defendant)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Acting against national security; Assaulting Basij forces, Assembly and collusion against national security; Spreading the calls for protest on the Internet
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Sentenced to death by Branch 1 of the Alborz Revolutionary Court/ the case delivered to the Supreme Court of Iran


Seyed-Mohammad Hosseini
Seyed-Mohammad Hosseini

7. Seyed-Mohammad Hosseini
Case Name:  The incidents on the 40th day of Hadis Najafi’s death led to the death of a Basij Militia force Ruhollah Ajamian
Province: Alborz
The most serious charge:  Spreading Corruption on Earth (the second defendant)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Acting against national security; Assaulting Basij forces and the police, Assembly and collusion against national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Sentenced to death by Branch 1 of the Alborz Revolutionary Court/ the case delivered to the Supreme Court of Iran

 

 


Hossein Mohammadi

8. Hossein Mohammadi
Case Name:  The incidents on the 40th day of Hadis Najafi’s death led to the death of a Basij Militia force Ruhollah Ajamian
Province: Alborz
The most serious charge: Spreading Corruption on Earth
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Acting against national security; Assembly and collusion against national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Sentenced to death by Branch 1 of the Alborz Revolutionary Court/ the case delivered to the Supreme Court of Iran

 


Reza Arya
Reza Arya

9. Reza Arya
Case Name: The incidents on the 40th day of Hadis Najafi’s death led to the death of a Basij Militia force Ruhollah Ajamian
Province: Alborz
The most serious charge:  Spreading Corruption on Earth
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Acting against national security; Assaulting Basij forces and the police; disturbing public order; Assembly and collusion against national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Sentenced to death by Branch 1 of the Alborz Revolutionary Court/ the case delivered to the Supreme Court of Iran


Hamid Ghara-Hassanlu
Hamid Ghara-Hassanlu

10. Hamid Ghara-Hasanlu
Case Name: The incidents on the 40th day of Hadis Najafi’s death led to the death of a Basij Militia force Ruhollah Ajamian
Province: Alborz
The most serious charge: Spreading Corruption on Earth
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Acting against national security; Assaulting Basij forces and the police; Assembly and collusion against national security; assisting in blocking the highway connecting Karaj to Qazvin
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Sentenced to death by Branch 1 of the Alborz Revolutionary Court/ the case delivered to the Supreme Court of Iran


Mohsen Rezazadeh Gharagholou
Mohsen Rezazadeh Gharagholou

11. Mohsen Rezazadeh Gharagholou
Case Name: Tehran Protests
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge:  Enmity against God ( Moharebeh)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Collaboration in setting fire to public property; disturbing public order, Assembly and collusion to act against national security; Making Molotov cocktails; Throwing stones at security forces
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
Briefed on charges and indicted by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court

 


12.Abolfazl Mehri Hossein Hajiloo
Case Name: Tehran Protests
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Fighting against the regime
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Setting fire to public property; disturbing public order
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
Briefed on charges and indicted by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court


Saeed Shirazi
Saeed Shirazi

13. Saeed Shirazi
Case Name: Tehran Protests

Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Spreading corruption on earth
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Inciting people to violence and committing crimes against national security and disturbing the public order
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
Briefed on charges and indicted by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court

 


Saman Seydi
Saman Seydi

14. Saman Seyedi (Yasin)
Case Name: Tehran Protests
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Using Colt firearm and shooting three times; Assembly and collusion against national security
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
Briefed on charges and indicted by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court

 


Toomaj Salehi
Toomaj Salehi

15. Toomaj Salehi
Case name: none
Province: Isfahan
The most serious charge: Spreading corruption on earth
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Spreading falsehood causing major damage; propaganda against the regime; forming and running illegal groups to endanger national security in collaboration with hostile counties. Disturbing public opinion on the Internet; inciting people to violence.
The latest situation according to Judicial authorities’ statements:
Briefed on charges and indicted by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court


Amir Nasr Azadani
Amir Nasr Azadani

16. Amir Nasr Azadani
Case Name: Isfahan Protests in Mahallah Khaneh and Malek Shahr, at which, on  November 16, 2022, Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi and two Basij Militia individuals Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi were killed.
The most serious charge: Armed insurrection against the regime (Baghi) (the fifth defendant)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Membership in illegal groups to disrupt national security; assembly and collusion to commit crimes against national security. Assisting in enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
Being indicted and impending verdict by the Isfahan Revolutionary Court


Saleh Mirhashemi
Saleh Mirhashemi

17. Saleh Mirhashemi
Case name:  Isfahan Protests in Mahallah Khaneh and Malek Shahr, at which, on  November 16, 2022, Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi and two Basij Militia forces Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi were killed.
Province: Isfahan
The most serious charge: Unknown (under investigation)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Membership in illegal groups to disrupt national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Being indicted and impending verdict by the Isfahan Revolutionary Court


 

Soheil Jahangiri
Soheil Jahangiri

18. Soheil Jahangiri
Case name: Isfahan Protests in Mahallah Khaneh and Malek Shahr, at which, on  November 16, 2022, Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi and two Basij Militia forces Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi were killed.
Province: Isfahan
The most serious charge: Unknown (under investigation)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Membership in illegal groups to disrupt national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Being indicted and impending verdict by the Isfahan Revolutionary Court


Saeed Yaghoubi
Saeed Yaghoubi

19. Saeed Yaghoubi
Case name: Isfahan Protests in Mahallah Khaneh and Malek Shahr, at which, on  November 16, 2022, Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi and two Basij Militia forces Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi were killed.
Province: Isfahan
The most serious charge: Unknown (under investigation)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Membership in illegal groups to disrupt national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Being indicted and impending verdict by the Isfahan Revolutionary Court


Majid Kazemi
Majid Kazemi

20. Majid Kazemi
Case name: Isfahan Protests in Mahallah Khaneh and Malek Shahr, at which, on  November 16, 2022, Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi and two Basij Militia forces Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi were killed.
Province: Isfahan
The most serious charge: Unknown (under investigation)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Membership in illegal groups to disrupt national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Being indicted and impending verdict by the Isfahan Revolutionary Court


21. Mehdi Mashayekhi
Case name: Isfahan Protests in Mahallah Khaneh and Malek Shahr, at which, on  November 16, 2022, Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi and two Basij Militia forces Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi were killed.
Province: Isfahan
The most serious charge: Unknown (under investigation)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Membership in illegal groups to disrupt national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Being indicted and impending verdict by the Isfahan Revolutionary Court


22. As-yet unidentified (Male)
Case name: Isfahan Protests in Mahallah Khaneh and Malek Shahr, at which, on  November 16, 2022, Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi and two Basij Militia forces Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi were killed.
Province: Isfahan
The most serious charge: Unknown (under investigation)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Membership in illegal groups to disrupt national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Being indicted and impending verdict by the Isfahan Revolutionary Court


23. As-yet unidentified (Male)
Case name: Isfahan Protests in Mahallah Khaneh and Malek Shahr, at which, on  November 16, 2022, Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi and two Basij Militia forces Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi were killed.
Province: Isfahan
The most serious charge: Unknown (under investigation)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Membership in illegal groups to disrupt national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Being indicted and impending verdict by the Isfahan Revolutionary Court


24. As-yet unidentified (Male)
Case name: Isfahan Protests in Mahallah Khaneh and Malek Shahr, at which, on  November 16, 2022, Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi and two Basij Militia forces Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi were killed.
Province: Isfahan
The most serious charge: Unknown (under investigation)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Membership in illegal groups to disrupt national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Being indicted and impending verdict by the Isfahan Revolutionary Court


25. As-yet unidentified (Male)
Case name: Isfahan Protests in Mahallah Khaneh and Malek Shahr, at which, on  November 16, 2022, Col. Esmail Cheraghi, Mohammad Hossein Karimi and two Basij Militia forces Mohammad-Hossein Karimi and Mohsen Hamidi were killed.
Province: Isfahan
The most serious charge: Unknown (under investigation)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Membership in illegal groups to disrupt national security
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Being indicted and impending verdict by the Isfahan Revolutionary Court


Akbar Ghafari
Akbar Ghafari

26. Akbar Ghafari
Case name: Tehran Protests
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
Other charges (as stated by judicial authorities):
Killing a security force (the victim is unidentified)
The latest situation according to the Amnesty International reports:
Indicted/ jailed in Great Tehran Penitentiary

 


Farhad Tahazadeh
Farhad Tahazadeh

27. Farhad Tahzadeh

Case name: Oshnavieh protests
Province: West Azerbaijan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Kurdpa’s reports:
The case was delivered to the Urmia Revolutionary Court/ jailed in Urmia Central Prison

 

 


Farzad Tahazadeh
Farzad Tahazadeh

28. Farzad Tahzadeh
Case name: Oshnavieh protests
Province: West Azerbaijan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Kurdpa’s reports:
The case was delivered to the Urmia Revolutionary Court/ jailed in Urmia Central Prison

 

 


Dena Sheybani
Dena Sheybani

29. Dena Sheybani
Case name:  Shahcheragh 2
Province: Fars
The most serious charge: Assisting in (foiled) bomb plot
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
detained in uncertainty

 

 


Mohammad Khiveh
Mohammad Khiveh

30. Mohammad Khiveh
Case name: Shahcheragh 2
Province: Fars
The most serious charge: Assisting in (foiled) bomb plot
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
detained in uncertainty

 

 


Eshragh Najafabadi
Eshragh Najafabadi

31. Eshragh Najafabadi
Case name: Shahcheragh 2
Province: Fars
The most serious charge: Assisting in (foiled) bomb plot
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
detained in uncertainty

 

 


Amir-Arsalan Mahdavi
Amir-Arsalan Mahdavi

32.Amir-Arsalan Mahdavi
Case name:  Shahcheragh 2
Province: Fars
The most serious charge: Assisting in (foiled) bomb plot
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
detained in uncertainty in a Shiraz detention center known as Facility No. 100

 

 


Hesamedin Mousavi
Hesamedin Mousavi

33. Hesamedin Mousavi
Case name: Shahcheragh 2
Province: Fars
The most serious charge: Assisting in (foiled) bomb plot
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
detained in uncertainty in a Shiraz detention center known as Facility No. 100.

 

 


Milad Armoun
Milad Armoun

34. Milad Armoun
Case name: Protests in Ekbatan town of Tehran leading to the death of a Basij militia force Arman Aliverdi
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Assisting in killing a Basij militia individual
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
detained in the detention facility of a police station (Fateb)- crime scene reconstruction process

 

 


Nastouh Nikkhah
Nastouh Nikkhah

35. Nastouh Nikkhah Bahrami
Case name: Protests in Ekbatan town of Tehran leading to the death of a Basij militia force Arman Aliverdi
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Assisting in killing a Basij militia individual
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
detained in the detention facility of a police station (Fateb)- crime scene reconstruction process

 

 


Alireza Kafaei
Alireza Kafai

36. Alireza Kafai
Case name: Protests in Ekbatan town of Tehran leading to the death of a Basij militia force Arman Aliverdi
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Assisting in killing a Basij militia individual
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
detained in the detention facility of a police station (Fateb)- crime scene reconstruction process

 

 


37. As-yet unidentified (Female)
Case name: Protests in Ekbatan town of Tehran leading to the death of a Basij militia force Arman Aliverdi
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Assisting in killing a Basij militia individual
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
detained in uncertainty – crime scene reconstruction process


38. As-yet unidentified (Male)
Case name: Protests in Ekbatan town of Tehran leading to the death of a Basij militia force Arman Aliverdi
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Assisting in killing a Basij militia individual
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
detained in uncertainty in the detention facility of a police station (Fateb) – crime scene reconstruction process


39. As-yet unidentified (Male)
Case name: Protests in Ekbatan town of Tehran leading to the death of a Basij militia force Arman Aliverdi
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Assisting in killing a Basij militia individual
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
detained in uncertainty in the detention facility of a police station (Fateb) – crime scene reconstruction process


40. As-yet unidentified (Male)
Case name: Protests in Ekbatan town of Tehran leading to the death of a Basij militia force Arman Aliverdi
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Assisting in killing a Basij militia individual
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
detained in uncertainty in the detention facility of a police station (Fateb) – crime scene reconstruction process


41. As-yet unidentified (Male)
Case name: Protests in Ekbatan town of Tehran leading to the death of a Basij militia force Arman Aliverdi
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Assisting in killing a Basij militia individual
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
detained in uncertainty in the detention facility of a police station (Fateb) – crime scene reconstruction process


42. As-yet unidentified (Male)
Case name: Protests in Ekbatan town of Tehran leading to the death of a Basij militia force Arman Aliverdi
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Assisting in killing a Basij militia individual
The latest situation according to Judiciary news agency reports:
detained in uncertainty in the detention facility of a police station (Fateb) – crime scene reconstruction process


43. Meysam Mobarhan
Case name: Malekan County Protests
Province: East Azerbaijan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
Other charges: (as stated by judicial authorities)
Leading protests; setting fire to trash containers and car tires; setting fire to the I.R.I flag; making and throwing Molotov cocktails at security forces.
The latest situation according to reports obtained by HRANA:
detained in uncertainty in Maragheh Prison


Ebrahim Rigi
Ebrahim Rigi

44. Ebrahim Rigi
Case Name: Zahedan bloody Friday 2022
Province: Sistan and Baluchestan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh) and “Spreading Corruption on Earth”
Other charges: (as stated by judicial authorities)
Leading Protests
The latest situation according to Haal Vash:
detained in uncertainty in Zahedan Central Prison


Farshid Hassan-Zehi
Farshid Hassan-Zehi

45. Farshid Hassan-Zehi
Case Name: The attack on a police station in Cheshmeh Ziarat Rural District on November 21, 2022, led to the death of the soldier Behzad Barahooi
Province: Sistan and Baluchestan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Haal Vsh:
detained in uncertainty

 


Jamshid Hasan Zehi
Jamshid Hassan Zehi

46. Jamshid Hassan-Zehi
Case Name: The attack on a police station in Cheshmeh Ziarat Rural District on November 21, 2022, led to the death of the soldier Behzad Barahooi
Province:  Sistan and Baluchestan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Haal Vsh:
detained in uncertainty

 

 


Omid Hasan Zehi
Omid Hassan Zehi

47. Omid Hassan-Zehi
Case Name: The attack on a police station in Cheshmeh Ziarat Rural District on November 21, 2022, led to the death of the soldier Behzad Barahooi
Province: Sistan and Baluchestan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Haal Vsh:
detained in uncertainty

 

 


Esmail Hasan-Zehi
Esmail Hassan-Zehi

48. Esmail Hassan-Zehi
Case Name:  The attack on a police station in Cheshmeh Ziarat Rural District on November 21, 2022و led to the death of the soldier Behzad Barahooi
Province: Sistan and Baluchestan
 The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Haal Vsh:
detained in uncertainty

 

 


Behzad Hassan-Zehi
Behzad Hassan-Zehi

49. Behzad Hassan-Zehi
Case Name: The attack on a police station in Cheshmeh Ziarat Rural District on November 21, 2022, led to the death of the soldier Behzad Barahooi
Province: Sistan and Baluchestan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Haal Vsh:
detained in uncertainty

 

 


Karvan Shahi Parvaneh
Karvan Shahi Parvaneh

50. Karwan (Hamin) Shahi (Shah) Parvaneh
Case Name: Oshnavieh protests
Province: West Azerbaijan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Kurdpa:
detained in uncertainty/ transferred from Urmia Central Prison to an unidentified location

 

 

 


Shahram Marouf Mula
Shahram Marouf Mula

51. Shahram Marouf Mula (Bangini)
Case Name: Oshnavieh protests
Province: West Azerbaijan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Kurdpa:
detained in uncertainty/ transferred from Urmia Central Prison to an unidentified location

 

 


Hazhar Hamidi
Hazhar Hamidi

52. Hazhar Hamidi
Case Name: Oshnavieh protests
Province: West Azerbaijan
The most serious charge:  Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Kurdpa:
detained in uncertainty/ transferred from Urmia Central Prison to an unidentified location

 

 


53. Reza Eslamdoost
Case Name: Oshnavieh protests
Province: West Azerbaijan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Kurdpa:
detained in uncertainty/ transferred from Urmia Central Prison to an unidentified location


Ayoub Aghliani
Ayoub Aghliani

54. Ayoub Aghliani
Case Name: Oshnavieh protests
Province: West Azerbaijan
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to Kurdpa:
Detained in uncertainty/ transferred from Urmia Central Prison to an unidentified location

 

 


Makan Davari
Makan Davari

55. Ali (Makan) Davari
Case name: unknown
Province: Gilan
The most serious charge:  Enmity against God (Moharebeh) and spreading corruption on earth
The latest situation according to the Center for Human Rights in Iran:
Detained in uncertainty in Lahijan

 

 


Sajad Iman Nejad
Sajad Iman Nejad

56. Sajad Iman-Nejad
Case Name: Tehran Protests
Province: Tehran
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Detained in uncertainty in Great Tehran Penitentiary

 

 


Reza Rasaei
Reza Rasaei

57. Reza Rasaei
Case Name: Sahneh Protests (incidents on  anniversary ceremony of Seyyed-Khalil Ali-Nejad on November 18, 2022)
The most serious charge: Enmity against God (Moharebeh)
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by HRANA:
Detained in uncertainty

 

 


Shoeyb Mirbalouchzehi Rigi
Shuaib Mirbalouch-Zehi Rigi

58.Shuaib MirBaloch-Zehi (Rigi)
Case name: Unknown
Province:  Sistan and Baluchestan
The most serious charge:  Spreading Corruption on Earth
The latest situation according to the reports obtained by Haal Vsh:
Sentenced to death by Shahid Nouri Judicial Complex, Zahedan


 

 

For further inquiries please contact Skylar Thompson, Senior Advocacy Coordinator Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) at [email protected]

Nationwide Protests: Parham Paravari Charged with Enmity Against the God

In the first hearing, Parham Paravari was charged with “enmity against the God (Moharebeh)” a charge that can result in severe punishment. On October 4, 2022, Paravari was arrested amid protests in Tehran.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, Parham Paravari has been charged with “enmity against the God (Moharebeh).”

In a video published on social media, his father, Mazhar Parvari stated, “forty days ago, when my son was returning home from work, he was arrested by security forces in the street where protests were taking place. Since then, he has been jailed in Ward 209 of Evin Prison.”

Since the outbreak of nationwide protests, over 15000 people, including journalists, lawyers, teachers, students and civil rights activists, have been arrested. For more details and statistics on the nationwide protest across Iran, read HRANA’s comprehensive report here.

 

Two Inmates Executed in Isfahan

On September 11, 2022, Dastgerd Prison’s officials executed two inmates who were previously sentenced to death on the charge of “enmity against God (Moharebeh).”

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting Haal Vsh, on September 11, 2022, two inmates identified as Mehran Noor-Mohammadi, 27 and Hassan Mohammadipour, 27 were executed in Dastgerd Prison of Isfahan.

These inmates were convicted of armed robbery and shooting in 2016.

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Political Prisoner Khaled Freidooni Released after 22 Years in Prison

On July 26, political prisoner Khaled Freidooni was released from Urmia Prison after 22 years in prison.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, Mostafa Nili, Freidooni’s lawyer, announced the release of his client from Urmia Prison on social media.

On August 31, 2000, Freidooni was arrested and charged with “acting against national security” and “enmity against God (Moharebeh) through association with an anti-regime political party”. The Revolutionary Court of Mahabad sentenced him to death. After three and half years, this verdict was reduced to imprisonment on appeal.

During this period, Freidooni was held in Piranshahr, Mahabad and Urmia prisons. In 2007, he went into exile in Rajai Shahr Prison. After ten years, he was sent back to Urmia Prison.

On January 16, 2022, for the first time after 21 years, Freidooni was granted furlough.

Political Prisoner Firooz Musaloo Executed in Urmia Prison

On Monday, June 20, 2022, political prisoner Firooz Musaloo was executed in Urmia Prison. He was taken from the public ward of Urmia Prison to an unidentified location prior to the execution.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, on Monday, June 20, 2022, political prisoner Firooz Musaloo was executed in Urmia Prison.

Musaloo was earlier sentenced to death by the Revolutionary Court of Urmia on the charges of “enmity against God (Moharebeh)”, and “membership in one of the anti-regime political parties.”

Yesterday, intelligence-affiliated Fars News Agency, quoting the Chief Justice of West Azerbaijan, claimed an inmate accused of killing two border agents was executed. Although this news agency did not disclose the name and other details, it appears to refer to Mualoo’s execution.

On July 11, 2019, Firooz Musaloo was arrested by IRGC’s Intelligence and transferred to a detention center in Urmia. On January 1, 2020, he was sent to Urmia Prison.

The most recent report from the Statistics and Publication Center of the Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) states that between January 1 of 2021 and December 20 of 2021, at least 299 citizens, including four juvenile offenders, were executed. In addition, 85 citizens were sentenced to death in this period. 

As the report points out, Iran’s judicial authorities do not publicly announce over 88% of executions. These unreported executions are known as “secret executions” by human rights organizations.

At Least Ten Inmates Executed in Rajai-Shahr, Zahedan and Mashhad Prisons.

In recent days, at least ten inmates were executed in Rajai-Shahr, Zahedan and Mashhad Prisons.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, on Wednesday, May 26, 2022, at least eight inmates were executed in Rajai-Shahr Prison.

Four of these prisoners were identified as Abbas Bitarafan, Ali Nosrati and Gholamhossein Zeynali from the ward known as Darol-Quran in Rajai-Shahr Prison. They were charged with “enmity against God” otherwise known as moharebeh. Iran Human Rights Organization has identified two other prisoners as Ali Montazeri and Vahid Mian-Abadi.

Additionally, Rasank News reported the execution of an inmate identified as Abdollah Barahooie in Zahedan Central Prison last Saturday. He was convicted of drug-related crimes.

Lastly, according to Rokna News, on May 22, an inmate identified as Elias Q, age 26, was executed in Mashhad Prison. On October 10, 2018, he hit a man with his car which led to his death. After a few hours, he turned himself in.

The most recent report from the Statistics and Publication Center of the Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) states that between January 1 of 2021 and December 20 of 2021, at least 299 citizens, including four juvenile offenders, were executed. In addition, 85 citizens were sentenced to death in this period.

As the report points out, Iran’s judicial authorities do not publicly announce over 88% of executions. These unreported executions are known as “secret executions” by human rights organizations.

Death Sentence of Hossein Kheiri Commuted to Five Years Imprisonment

Branch 29 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran sentenced political prisoner Hossein Kheiri to five years in prison. He had been sentenced to death for “enmity against God (Moharebeh), through destruction of public property with the intention to defy the regime.” Once the verdict was revoked by the Supreme Court of Iran in mid-January of this year, the case was handed over to Branch 29. Recently, Mr. Kheiri was relocated from Evin to Rajai Shahr Prison.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, the death sentence of Hossein Kheiri was commuted to five years imprisonment.

Seven other defendants of this case, Majid Kahrari, Fardin Asgari, Nima Heidari, Milad Karami, Mahmood Karami, and two others were sentenced to a total of 34 years and 6 months by Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran. The charges against them varied from “assembly and collusion to act against national security” to “enmity against God.”

Earlier, in reaction to the death penalty verdict against his client, attorney Babak Paknia stated that “there are many flaws in this case” and “the charge of Moharebeh does not fit the actions taken by my client.” He had expressed hope that the Supreme Court would reduce the verdict.

In 2020, along with seven other individuals, Hossein Kheiri, age 35, was arrested by security forces in Tehran.  

Rahim Afravi Denied Leave after 22 Years Imprisonment

Political prisoner Rahim Afravi has not been allowed a single day of leave in his 22 years of imprisonment in Sheyban Prison in Ahvaz.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, he has faced serious medical neglect in this time, and suffers from heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and pulmonary problems. Afravi recently contracted COVID-19, but was not dispatched to any medical center outside prison upon receiving a positive test.

53-year-old Rahim Afravi is married and the father of two children. In June 1999, security forces arrested Afravi when he was returning home from his workplace in the outskirts of Ahvaz City. Initially, the Revolutionary Court sentenced him to death on a charge of “enmity against God” (Moharebeh) and “acting against national security”. On appeal, the verdict was reduced to 25 years imprisonment and exile to Jiroft Prison.

According to an informed source, while he was in exile jail in Jiroft, his mother passed away. Family visitations were few and far between because of the great distance between the jail and the residence place of his family. After 13 years imprisonment in exile, he was relocated to Karun and then to Sheyban prison in Ahvaz City.

In August of this year, his request for release on parole and leave on furlough was dismissed by Branch 12 of the Revolutionary Court of Ahvaz.