Four Inmates Executed in Yazd and Kermanshah Central Prisons

Four inmates were recently executed in Yazd and Kermanshah Central Prisons. None of these executions have been announced by official sources in Iran as of this writing.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, on Sunday, October 10, two inmates who had previously been convicted for drug-related offenses were executed in Yazd Central prison. The prisoners have been identified as father and son, Hossein and Ramin Dadkhah. They were executed after five years of imprisonment.

Similarly, on Friday, October 8, two inmates, convicted on charges of murder, were executed in Kermanshah Central Prison. One of these inmates, Ismail Soltan-Abadi, had been convicted in the oath ceremony. He was executed after 23 imprisonments, without the notification of his family and hence was deprived of the chance for a final visitation.

Oath ceremony (Ghassameh), whereby the conviction is grounded merely on the swearing of accusers and their relatives (who don’t need to be eyewitnesses) stands in violation of the right to have a fair trial. According to the Islamic penal code, in case of lack of compelling evidence, the judge may hold this ceremony wherein the swearing of 50 people for premeditated murder and 25 people for quasi- premeditated murder will be enough to verdict the accused guilty.

The other inmate, Afshar Fathi, 28 years old, was executed after four years imprisonment on the charge of murder.

Iran ranks first in the world in executions per capita, according to international organizations. The Statistics and Publication Center of the Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) reported that between January 1 and December 20 of 2020, at least 236 citizens were executed.


Three Citizens from Salas-e Babajani County Arrested and Transferred to Detention Center in Kermanshah

Three citizens from Salas-e Babajani County were recently arrested by security forces and transferred to a detention center in Kermanshah for interrogation.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting Kurdpa, the citizens have been identified as Arkan Bahrami, Khalil Ramezani and Khaled Mirzaei from the county of Salas-e Babajani.

As of this writing, the reasons for the arrests and the charges against Bahrami, Ramezani, and Mirzaei are not known. The report does state, however, that the security forces detained the three citizens in relation to “propaganda against the regime in cyberspace”.

An informed source said that Khalil Ramezani was released on bail two days ago. Bahrami and Mirzaei are still in detention.

16-Year-Old Girl Killed by Father in Kermanshah

On Sunday, July 4, 16-year-old Shakiba Bakhtiar was stabbed to death by her father after coming home late in Kermanshah.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting the Iran Human Rights (IHR), Iranian law provides for exemptions for those who commit “honor killings”.

It is notable that according to the Islamic Penal Code, a father who kills his child is sentenced to fines and imprisonment, not execution, if convicted in court.

In some cases, fathers have killed their children after learning that under the Islamic Penal Code, a father cannot be executed for the murder of his own child.

Some experts say that the discrimination and weakness of the law has an impact on the frequency of these murders.


Kermanshah province: Civilian Shot and Killed by Law Enforcement in Dalahu

A civilian was shot dead by law enforcement forces in Dalahu. According HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting Kordpa, Sohbat Samadi Nasab died in Taleghani hospital on May 4, 2021 from injuries sustained from the firing.

According to the report,  the military forces shot Mr. Samadi Nasab directly on suspicion of “carrying contraband “, without any prior notice, on April 26, 2021. He was transferred to Taleghani hospital in Kermanshah for treatment and died the following week.

Military and security forces have a long history of shooting citizens without evidence, often fatally. Article 7 of the Law on the Use of Firearms by Officials at necessary cases states: “officers subject to this law, when using a firearm, should target the leg, as much as possible and be vigilant their actions will not cause death and assure to not harm third parties who are not involved in the incident.”

The note to this article also states that “the care for the injured is the responsibility of law enforcement officers and injured must be taken to medical centers as fast as possible”.