Tehran Resident Leila Ziafar Arrested for Opposing Compulsory Hijab

Leila Ziafar, a resident of Tehran, was taken into custody by security forces, her whereabouts undisclosed.

A video of Ziafar’s arrest at her residence was released by media sources affiliated with intelligence institutions. It is believed that she was arrested for voicing her opposition to compulsory hijab regulations on social media.

The location of her detention is still unknown.

The incident sheds light on the increasing legal actions taken by the Iranian regime to enforce the compulsory wearing of the hijab on women in recent months. Concerns over the protection of individual rights and freedom of expression continue to mount as such cases emerge.

Actress Leila Bolukat Receives Sentence for Violating Hijab Regulations

According to a report by Ham-Mihan Newspaper, actress Leila Bolukat has been sentenced to imprisonment by the criminal court of Tehran Province for non-compliance with Hijab regulations.

The court has imposed a ten-month sentence, with six months suspended for five years. Bolukat will serve the remaining sentence in a prison located in Semnan Province. In addition, she faces a five-year ban on media and online social activities, along with a two-year travel ban.

The charges against Bolukat, which were brought in June 2023, include allegations of insulting morality and public decency due to her failure to wear Hijab and the publication of allegedly immodest pictures on social media.

Woman Receives Prison Sentence and Travel Ban for Violating Hijab Requirement

The Criminal Court of Tehran has handed down a verdict sentencing a woman to two months in prison and imposing a two-year travel ban on her for violating the Hijab regulations.

As per the verdict, which gained attention after being shared on social media, the Tehran Criminal Court, under the authority of Judge Ali Omidi, issued a two-month prison sentence and a two-year travel ban against a woman who was found guilty of “publicly not wearing Hijab.” The court classified the act of not wearing Hijab as a manifestation of “antisocial behavior,” mandating the woman to be under treatment and present a health certificate twice a week for a duration of six months.

Furthermore, the court labeled the absence of the Hijab as an act of behavior deemed “anti-Iranian,” justifying the implementation of the travel ban.
Prior to this ruling, Ahmadreza Radan, the chief of Iranian police, had announced an action plan involving the seizure of vehicles and closure of businesses as means to enforce compliance with the Hijab requirement among citizens.

Seven Arrested for Inciting Public Dancing in Rasht

In Rasht, Gilan Province, seven individuals were arrested and taken to an undisclosed location for allegedly inciting public dancing and propaganda against the regime.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting Khabar Online, seven people were arrested in Rasht.

The detainees were apprehended for allegedly inviting and encouraging people to dance in public, removing hijab, and engaging in immodesty.
Khabar Online did not mention the identities of these detainees and the location of their detention.”

At least 458 Businesses Closed to Enforce Compulsory Hijab

Hrana News Agency – Iranian state apparatuses have closed at least 458 businesses, including recreation centres, restaurants, hotels, and two shopping malls, since mid-March for allegedly failing to observe compulsory Hijab in their workplace. However, legal experts argue that these attacks on businesses and economic activities are not supported by any legal basis. Nonetheless, the parliament is aiming to enact a plan to put even more pressure on the private sector.

According to the Hrana news agency, from March 6, 1401, to April 4, 1402, hundreds of businesses including tourism centres, hotels, and restaurants were closed or received warnings for allegedly their staff or customers’ improper Hijab.”

During this period, at least 458 businesses were closed in an attempt to enforce the compulsory Hijab. Among these, 18 restaurants, 23 tourism and tour companies, and two clothing stores were closed. The nature of the rest business activities remained unspecified.

The closures have affected several high-profile businesses, including Nakhlestan Chah Arous in Abu Zeidabad, Ameri Hotel in Kashan, Bhargol clothing store in Behbahan, Metin Abad Desert Camp in Natanz, Deir Gachin Caravanserai in Qom, Nature Tourism Park in Yazd, and Puriagob Ecotourism Lodge in Khaf city. The gold and jewellery section of the Almas Karim Khan commercial complex in Tehran and the Persia commercial complex in Babolsar were also sealed for similar reasons.

Mazandaran province, with 338 closures, followed by Isfahan province with 41 closures, are the provinces most targeted by the regime’s “Hijab enforcement” action plan.

The police chief monitoring public places, Faraja, announced the launch of a plan to oversee improper Hijab, and Bijan Nobaveh, a member of the cultural commission of the parliament, announced drafting a plan to impose Hijab indirectly and in a more subtle way. According to this plan, women appearing in public without a proper Hijab will face fines ranging from five hundred thousand to three billion tomans, cancellation of driver’s licenses and passports, and a ban on using the internet.

However, legal experts argue that shutting down citizens’ businesses for breaking the Islamic dress code is unlawful. Hasan Berhani, a lawyer, published a note on the matter, stating: “Closing a business place is an attack against citizens. Most of these actions are illegal.”

Mohsen Haji Saeed, the head of tourist guide associations called the closure of recreation centres a crisis for the tourism industry.”

In recent times, there have been reports of women being denied services at entertainment and transportation venues for allegedly their improper Hijab. These venues include Eram Garden of Shiraz, Bostan Arch of Kermanshah, and Shiraz Metro.

In some cases, judicial officials punish citizens with prison sentences, flogging, social exclusions, and termination of employment for reasons related to Hijab. For example, three female employees were dismissed from their workplace in Qom. In another example, Maryam Bani Razi, a nurse living in Qom, was sentenced to more than eight months of imprisonment and 148 lashes.

In the past month, several officials have supported and asserted the pressures regarding the compulsory Hijab:

Hossein Ali Haji Deligani, a member of the Speaker’s Committee,
Ahmad Rastineh, the spokesman for the Cultural Committee of the Islamic Council,
Hossein Jalali, the Secretary of the Cultural Committee of the Council,
Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf, the Speaker of the Council,
Mehdi Bagheri, a member of the Judicial Committee of the Council,
Sadegh Jafari Chegani, the Public Prosecutor and the Revolution of Khuzestan,
the Chief of “Enjoining good and forbidding wrong headquarter”
Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance
The head of IRGC’s “Enjoining good and forbidding wrong” in Firuzkoh City,
the director of Tehran Seminary,
the president of Islamic Azad University,
the deputy of IRGC in Qom,
a number of Friday imams in different cities are among the people who, during speeches, have supported forcible dealings with citizens regarding “mandatory hijab”.

These mass business closures raise concerns over the impact on Iran’s private sector and tourism industry. While proponents argue that these measures are necessary to uphold Islamic rules, critics contend that these actions are flagrant examples of the infringement on personal freedom and an illegal attack on citizens’ economic well-being.

As the debate continues, it remains to be seen whether the proposed legislation will pass in parliament to reinforce compulsory hijab policies. Such developments could have significant implications for the country’s economy, tourism industry, and individual liberties.

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Dozens of Businesses Closed for Breaking Islamic Rules of Dress Code and Behavior

In recent days, dozens of businesses in several cities across Iran were closed for allegedly violating the Islamic dress code (Hijab) and behaviour rules.

An official from the IRGC announced the closure of at least 40 businesses in Kashan due to “female customers’ lack of Hijab.” Earlier, a hotel and a tourist complex were also shut down for this reason.

Similarly, in Khorramabad, one restaurant and one wedding hall were closed, and in Mianeh, seven businesses were shut down. In Babolsar, six businesses were closed, and several others in Shiraz were also affected due to violations of the Islamic dress code and behaviour rules.

Iran’s regime routinely violates its citizens’ privacy and right to choose their clothing. Imposing a certain lifestyle on citizens stands in blatant violation of Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which entitles everyone to the right to life, liberty and security of person. Additionally, Article 12 of this declaration affirms, “One shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.”


Eight Businesses Closed in Nowshahr and Rasht for Failing to Observe Hijab Rules

The Police Chief of Nowshahr announced that three cafe restaurants were closed for playing live music and failing to observe Hijab rules. Similarly, five businesses were closed in Rasht for the same reason.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting IRNA, three cafe restaurants were closed for improper Hijab, playing live music and serving alcoholic beverages.

This Police chief also warned tourists coming to Mazandaran Province about not observing Ramadan rules and improper Hijab.
Also, Rokna News Agency reported that in Rasht, five shops were closed for failing to observe Hijab rules.

Imposing a certain lifestyle on citizens stands in blatant violation of Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which entitles everyone to the right to life, liberty and security of person. Additionally, Article 12 of this declaration affirms, “One shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.”

Kermanshah Chief of Police: 1700 Women Taken to Custody for Violation of Islamic Veiling Rule

In recent days, Iran’s law enforcement has intensified the harassment of women in public for failing to observe the Islamic veiling rules, known as Hijab. The chief of police of Kermanshah Province announced that since the beginning of spring, police have taken into custody or summoned 1700 people due to their failure to observe compulsory veiling. Also, 230 vehicles have been impounded for “roaming in the city in a vehicle”.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting Tabnak, Kermanshah’s Police Chief Ali Akbar Javidan revealed the temporary detention of 1700 women on the streets for the failure to observe veiling codes since the beginning of spring.

Claiming that the Iranian people demand that women must cover their hair, Javidan said that  26 morality checkpoints are working visibly and six are undercover to impose the rules in Kermanshah. 

According to Kermanshah’s police chief, since the beginning of spring, security forces have stopped individuals numerous times to warn them about the veiling and morality codes, 1700 individuals were taken into custody and 230 vehicles have been impounded for driving around the city. Javidan also stated that these rules for recreational, tourist and commercial places are also enforced. Dog walking is forbidden in Kermanshah, Javidan warned that if ceased, the dogs will be taken to animal shelters and if repeated, dog walkers will face legal penalties.  

Female Worker Dead After Veil Caught in Machinery at Factory

On the evening of Saturday, November 5, a 21-year-old worker lost her life in a workplace accident in a factory after her veil was caught in machinery.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, quoting ILNA, Marzieh Taherian was killed in the spinning factory Nasaji Kavir Semnan, located in the industrial zone on the east of Semnan City

As her coworkers stated, the veil, which female workers are forced to wear despite being unsuitable for work conditions and safety issues, became caught in a ring spinning machine, and pulled her head inside the machine.

This horrific work accident has raised again many criticisms about strict forced veil rules, which have long caused discomfort and hazards for women in the workplace.