Lawyer Mohammad Najafi Sentenced to Four Months for Disseminating False Information

Mohammad Najafi, a lawyer currently incarcerated in Evin Prison, has received a four-month prison sentence from the Criminal Court of Arak.

This verdict, issued in absentia, finds Najafi guilty of “spreading falsehood.” The legal case was initiated following a complaint lodged by the head of Arak prison, Reza Moazen. According to a source who informed HRANA, the charge was based on Najafi’s exposure of issues within the prison system, particularly the prison head’s failure to address these concerns and mistreatment against political prisoners.

In addition to the prison sentence, the court has also ruled to disbar Najafi, prohibiting him from practicing law.

Najafi has been embroiled in multiple legal cases in the past. In his most recent case, he was sentenced to two years in prison and a 15-million-toman fine by Branch 106 of the Arak Criminal Court for “spreading falsehood,” and to one year in prison by Branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court for “propaganda against the regime.”

In another legal matter, Najafi received a three-year prison sentence for insulting the Supreme Leader of Iran and an additional four months for spreading falsehood. In December 2018, he was sentenced to 13 years in prison for charges including “propaganda against the regime,” “insulting the Supreme Leader,” and “collaborating with hostile foreign countries by giving interviews with the Voice of America and Persian BBC” in relation to the first part of this case. He was later pardoned and released under a “pardon and commute” directive but was re-arrested four days later for the second part of the case.

Furthermore, Najafi received a two-year prison sentence and a fine for spreading falsehood to disturb public opinion after writing an open letter addressed to Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of Iran. This sentence was upheld on appeal, and he had previously been sentenced to one year in prison for similar charges in December 2018.

In February 2020, Najafi was handed a six-month prison sentence for attending and delivering a speech at a ceremony commemorating Sattar Beheshti, a blogger who had been tortured and killed while in custody.

Ultimately, Najafi received a 10-year prison sentence for the most severe charge of “collaboration with hostile foreign countries by giving interviews with the Voice of America and Persian BBC.” This sentence was later reduced to four years and six months.

Two Inmates Executed in Arak Prison for Drug Offenses

On August 6, 2023, Arak Prison carried out the execution of two prisoners who had been convicted of drug-related crimes, according to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists.

HRANA has identified one of the individuals executed has been identified as Arsalan Kazemi, aged 32.

As of the time of reporting, no official sources or domestic media outlets within the country have provided any coverage of these executions.

These executions highlight the issue of capital punishment for drug-related offenses. In 2022, the Department of Statistics and Publication of Human Rights Activists in Iran recorded 457 reports concerning the death penalty. Shockingly, approximately 43% of these executions were linked to drug-related charges.

 

Two Inmates Convicted of Drug-Related Crimes Executed in Arak Prison

Arak, July 9, 2023 – Two individuals convicted of drug-related crimes were executed today in Arak Prison, according to HRANA, the Human Rights Activists News Agency.

These inmates had previously received the death penalty from judicial authorities for their involvement in drug offenses. HRANA is currently working to identify the names and backgrounds of the executed prisoners.

At the time of writing, no official sources or media outlets within the country have reported on these executions.

In 2022, the Department of Statistics and Publication of Human Rights Activists in Iran registered 457 reports related to the death penalty. This included 92 death sentences, including the conviction of 6 people to public execution and 565 execution sentences were carried out, 2 of which have been carried out in public. Based on the announced identifications of some of the executed individuals, 501 were male and 11 were female. In addition, 5 juvenile offenders were executed in 2022, meaning they were under the age of 18 at the time they committed the crime.

 

Five Inmates Executed in Ghezel Hesar and Arak Prisons

Five inmates were executed on May 10, 2023, with three of them executed in Ghezel Hesar Prison in Karaj and two in Arak Prison. All five inmates had previously been convicted of drug-related crimes.

HRANA has identified the three inmates executed in Ghezel Hesar as Hossein Panjak, Abdolhossein Emami Moghadam, and Babak Aghaye. According to an informed source, they had been imprisoned for 17, 9, and 8 years, respectively. Mizan, the judiciary’s news agency, claimed that these individuals were members of a “cocaine cartel known as Panjak.”

Currently, five death-row inmates are still being held in solitary confinement, awaiting imminent execution.

On the same day, two inmates, convicted of drug-related crimes, were executed in Arak Prison. HRANA is working to identify these inmates.

None of the official sources or media outlets inside the country have reported these executions at the time of writing.

This recent surge in executions is alarming, as at least 65 prisoners, including two women and two prisoners of conscience, have been executed in various Iranian prisons over the past twelve days.”

Five Inmates Executed in Arak Prison

Recently, five inmates convicted of drug-related crimes were executed in Arak Prison.

According to reports obtained by HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, on February 26, 2023, five unidentified inmates were executed in Arak Prison.

HRANA is working on identifying these inmates.

None of the official sources and media outlets inside the country has reported these executions at the time of writing.

In 2022, the Department of Statistics and Publication of Human Rights Activists in Iran registered 457 reports related to the death penalty. This included 92 death sentences, including the conviction of 6 people to public execution and 565 execution sentences were carried out, 2 of which have been carried out in public. Based on the announced identifications of some of the executed individuals, 501 were male and 11 were female. In addition, 5 juvenile offenders were executed in 2022, meaning they were under the age of 18 at the time they committed the crime.

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Five Inmates Executed in Arak and Urmia

On February 14, three inmates were executed in Arak Prison for drug-related crimes. Also, on the same day, two inmates convicted of murder were executed in Urmia Prison.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, on February 14, three unidentified death-row inmates convicted of drug-related crimes were executed in Arak Prison.

HRANA is working on identifying these prisoners and finding out details on their cases.

Also, Kurdpa reported the execution of two inmates, identified as Mohammad-Ali Akhtari Kohlan and Milad Jajooie Khanik, in Urmia prison. In October 2018, these individuals, reportedly, along with another person, were arrested for armed robbery of a jewellery store in Urmia. Subsequently, they were sentenced to death on the charge of enmity against God (Moharebeh).

In 2022, the Department of Statistics and Publication of Human Rights Activists in Iran registered 457 reports related to the death penalty. This included 92 death sentences, including the conviction of 6 people to public execution and 565 execution sentences were carried out, 2 of which have been carried out in public. Based on the announced identifications of some of the executed individuals, 501 were male and 11 were female. In addition, 5 juvenile offenders were executed in 2022, meaning they were under the age of 18 at the time they committed the crime.

 

Five Inmates Executed in Arak Prison

On December 12, five inmates convicted of drug-related crimes were executed in Arak Prison.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, Arak prison officials executed five prisoners.

HRANA has identified three of these executed prisoners as Mohammad Imani, Ehsan Naseri and Mostafa Kashi. All these individuals were previously convicted of drug offences.

None of the official sources and media outlets inside the country has reported these executions at the time of writing.

 

Seven Inmates Executed in Arak and Zahedan

On November 6, 2022, Arak Prison’s officials executed five inmates convicted of drug-related crimes.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, on November 6, 2022, five unidentified men were executed in Arak Prison.

Haal Vsh also reported the execution of two inmates, convicted of murder, identified as Shoaib Askani and Eshagh Askani, in Zahedan Prison on November 8.

The executions have not been reported by official sources and media outlets inside Iran so far.

Four Inmates Executed in Arak Prison

In the second round of executions in Arak Prison, on August 14, 2022, four inmates convicted of drug-related crimes were executed.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, on August 14, 2022, Arak Prison authorities executed four inmates. They had also taken two death-row convicts to solitary confinement for imminent execution, which was not carried out.

These executions have not been reported by official sources and media outlets inside Iran so far.

Two Inmates Executed in Arak and Qom Prisons

On August 10, 2022, an inmate convicted of drug-related crimes was executed in Arak Prison and another was executed in Langerud Prison in Qom.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists,  prison officials at Arak Prison executed an inmate who was convicted of drug-related crimes.

HRANA has identified the individual as Mehdi Noor-Karami (Ghadami), 37. 

Haal Vsh also reported the execution of an Afghan nation identified as Hossein Alizadeh, age 21, in Langerud Prison in Qom. Alizadeh was convicted of murder.

These executions have not been reported by the official sources and media outlets inside Iran so far. 

The most recent report from the Statistics and Publication Center of the Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) states that between January 1 of 2021 and December 20 of 2021, at least 299 citizens, including four juvenile offenders, were executed. In addition, 85 citizens were sentenced to death in this period. 

As the report points out, Iran’s judicial authorities do not publicly announce over 88% of executions. These unreported executions are known as “secret executions” by human rights organizations.