Student Ehsan Faridi Arrested and Jailed in Tabriz Prison

Ehsan Faridi, a student at Tabriz University, was arrested and transferred to Tabriz prison on Tuesday, June 18th, after being summoned to the General and Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office in this city.

Based on reports received by HRANA, after appearing at this judicial institution, Faridi was arrested and transferred to the city’s prison. As of now, the charges against him remain unknown.

Ehsan Faridi is a 21-year-old student of Manufacturing Engineering at Tabriz Technical College. He was previously arrested on March 9th, 2023, and transferred to Tabriz prison. He was eventually released on bail on March 19th of the same year.

Ali Reyhani Kujuvar Detained for Remarks on Iranian President’s Death

Security forces have detained Ali Reyhani Kujuvar after he posted comments about the death of Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi in a helicopter crash. Reyhani is currently held in Tabriz prison.

The incident occurred on the afternoon of Sunday, May 20th, when a helicopter carrying President Raisi and several officials, including Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, crashed in the Dizmar forest between Varzaqan and Jolfa. Official media reported the deaths of Raisi and his companions the following morning, after locating the crash site and the wreckage. Numerous citizens have been arrested or faced legal action for expressing views on the incident, which the authorities have found objectionable.

Father Sentenced to Three Years for Murder of Transgender Son

In February of last year, the Criminal Court of Tabriz sentenced a man to three years in prison for the murder of his 17-year-old transgender son, sparing him from more severe punishment. According to the report by Rokna, the man killed his son, Parsa, because he wore makeup.

During his trial, the father defended his actions by stating, “Parsa had feminine sexual inclinations, and we did everything we could to treat him, but none were effective because Parsa did not cooperate and kept running away from home. His behavior was completely uncontrollable.” He also attempted to place Parsa in the care of the State Welfare Organization, which declined due to Parsa’s conditions.

The father further claimed that Parsa had recently tried to influence his younger brother, asserting, “His brother said that when we are alone at home, Parsa shows pictures of his friends and talks about the ‘immoral acts’ they perform together. I could no longer bear it. I felt so disgraced and embarrassed among friends and relatives.”

Ultimately, referencing Article 612 of the Fifth Book of the Islamic Penal Code, the court sentenced the man to three years in prison, including time already served. The Islamic Republic’s laws designate the father as the primary “blood avenger,” a status that can spare him from severe punishment in cases involving the killing of a child. This provision has been widely criticized by many who argue that it sometimes enables repeat offenses.

It is important to note that transgender individuals have a gender identity that differs from the sex assigned to them at birth. Not all transgender individuals seek gender confirmation surgeries. However, under Iranian law, a transgender person’s identity is recognized officially only after undergoing surgery and sterilization.

No specific regulations have yet been established in Iranian law regarding the transition process for transgender individuals; however, a section was included in the 2013 Family Protection Bill. In 1983, Ruhollah Khomeini issued a fatwa legitimizing gender reassignment surgery. The absence of uniform laws for changing documents and obtaining necessary surgical permits has created significant challenges for transgender citizens, navigating legal complexities and facing arbitrary and sometimes exploitative behaviors by certain legal authorities.

Jebreil Pakrooh Arrested by Security Forces

On May 13, 2024, Jebreil Pakrooh, a resident of Tabriz, was arrested at his home by security forces. Pakrooh’s children published a video inquiring about their father’s well-being, but they have not received any response from the security institution.

The family is concerned for Pakrooh’s health, as he suffers from various age-related illnesses. While Pakrooh had been summoned by judicial authorities previously, the reason for his recent arrest and the charges against him remain unknown.

Pakrooh’s son, Farhad, is an Azerbaijani-Turk activist. Both he and his father have faced previous confrontations with security institutions due to their activism.

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Execution in Tabriz for Drug-Related Convictions

On May 7, 2024, an individual identified as Hassan Moharrer was executed in Tabriz Prison for drug-related offenses.

Moharrer had previously been convicted by the Revolutionary Court on charges related to narcotics.

No official sources or domestic media outlets within the country have provided coverage of this execution at the time of writing.

The reports from the Department of Statistics and Publication of Human Rights Activists for the year 2023 reveal a concerning prevalence of executions for drug offenses in Iran, constituting 56.4% of the total executions. For a comprehensive examination of the details and statistics surrounding the executions in Iran, refer to HRANA’s report.

Execution of Three Inmates in Tabriz Prison for Drug Offenses

On April 27, 2024, three inmates were executed in Tabriz Prison for drug-related crimes, according to the Iran Human Rights Organization.

The inmates were identified as Amir Moharrami, 36, Davoud Namyari, 33, and Sohrab Hokmabad. Moharrami was arrested and convicted two years ago, while Namyari and Hokmabad were convicted three years ago.

Two days before the executions, the report stated that along with the three executed inmates, two other death-row inmates—a man and a woman—were also moved to solitary confinement in anticipation of their executions. However, they were later returned to the public ward of the prison. The woman was convicted of murder, while the man faced charges related to drug offenses. The report did not disclose their identities.

No official sources or domestic media outlets within the country have provided coverage of these executions at the time of writing.

The reports from the Department of Statistics and Publication of Human Rights Activists for the year 2023 reveal a concerning prevalence of executions for drug offenses in Iran, constituting 56.4% of the total executions. For a comprehensive examination of the details and statistics surrounding the executions in Iran, refer to HRANA’s report.

Execution Carried Out in Tabriz Prison for Drug Conviction

Tabriz Prison officials executed an inmate convicted of drug-related offenses on March 25, 2024, as reported by the Iran Human Rights Organization.

The executed inmate has been identified as Abbas Aghaie (Aghayi), aged 36, from Tabriz. He was sentenced to death for drug offenses 28 months ago.

No official sources or domestic media outlets within the country have provided coverage of this execution at the time of writing. The lack of official information raises concerns about transparency and accountability in the execution process.

The reports from the Department of Statistics and Publication of Human Rights Activists for the year 2023 reveal a concerning prevalence of executions for drug offenses in Iran, constituting 56.4% of the total executions. For a comprehensive examination of the details and statistics surrounding the executions in Iran, refer to HRANA’s report.

Five Citizens Arrested in Tabriz by Security Forces

Five Azerbaijani-Turk activists, Siamak Seifi, Milad Zeinolabedini, Samad Heydari, Amin Taghizadeh, and Amir Taghizadeh, were arrested by security forces in Tabriz on March 13, 2024.

They were detained while leaving the football stadium. The charges against them remain undisclosed.
Among these people, Siamak Seifi, known for his activism, has faced previous arrests and legal challenges.

Six-Month Sentence for Karim Esmaeilzadeh Upheld on Appeal

The Appellate Court in East Azerbaijan Province has confirmed the six-month sentence for Azerbaijani-Turk activist Karim Esmaeilzadeh (Esmaeil-Zadeh).

The original verdict, issued by the Tabriz Revolutionary Court, found Esmaeilzadeh guilty of “inciting people to violence on the Internet.”

On August 16, 2023, security forces arrested Esmaeilzadeh as he entered a football stadium in Tabriz. He was later released on bail amounting to 900 million dollars (approximately 18,000 dollars) from the city’s prison.

However, Esmaeilzadeh faced another arrest by security forces on August 27. This time, he secured his release on bail of 600 million tomans from Tabriz Prison. The upheld sentence reflects the ongoing legal challenges faced by the activist.

In 2023, the Department of Statistics and Publications of the Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) recorded 329 reports, citing the arrest of 324 citizens linked to ethnic and national rights. Notably, 156 of these arrests occurred without the issuance of a judicial warrant.