Families of Mahsa Amini Protest Victims Face Detentions and Summons

As the anniversary of the 2022 nationwide protests, known as the Mahsa Amini Protests, draws near, families of the victims are enduring heightened pressures from security and judicial entities. Over the past week, a minimum of nine family members who lost loved ones during the protests have either been detained by security forces or summoned for questioning.

The following details the cases of these nine individuals:

  • On Wednesday, August 23, Nasrin Alizadeh, the sister of Shirin Alizadeh who was killed during the nationwide protests in Chalus, was arrested by security forces at her Isfahan residence and taken to an undisclosed location. Notably, this arrest coincides with Mohammad (Koroush) Vaziri, the husband of Shirin Alizadeh, marking his sixth day of detention at Isfahan’s Dastgerd Prison.
  • On Tuesday, August 22, Mahsa Yazdani, the mother of Mohammad Javad Zahedi, another victim of the fatal crackdown on the 2022 protests, was apprehended by security forces near her Sari residence and moved to an undisclosed location.
  • That same day, 15-year-old Faramarz Abil was taken into custody by security forces in Torbat-e Heydariyeh, Razavi Khorasan Province. His brother, Esmaeil Abil, was among those who fell victim to the 2022 Zahedan massacre, commonly referred to as Bloody Friday.
  • Mashallah Karami, the father of executed protestor Mohammad-Mehdi Karami, was arrested by security forces on Monday, August 21, at his residence. His current location and the charges against him remain undisclosed.
    On January 7, 2023, his son, Mohammad Mehdi Karami, along with Mohammad Hosseini, were executed. Both were implicated in the case related to the death of Basij militia member Ruhollah Ajamian.
  • Shermin Habibi was apprehended on August 22 by security forces and was granted bail a day later. She is the spouse of Fereydoon Mahmoodi, who was among those killed by regime forces during the 2022 nationwide protests.
    Fereydoon Mahmoodi was fatally shot on September 19, 2022, during the protests. In a subsequent development in April 2023, the Saqqez & Baneh Military Court confirmed Special Forces’ involvement in Mahmoodi’s death. However, the case was closed due to the inability to identify the specific shooter.
  • Continuing the trend of increased pressure, Hassan Daroftadeh and Mardin Daroftadeh, the father and brother of Kumar Daroftadeh, were summoned and interrogated by the Ministry of Intelligence in Piranshahr on Monday, August 21. The family was reportedly threatened to abstain from memorial ceremonies and online activities during the anniversary of the 2022 nationwide protests.
    On October 30, 2022, Kumar Daroftadeh, a 16-year-old teenager, was shot dead by security forces. His burial took place the following day in a village on the outskirts of Piranshahr.
  • Additionally, Mahsa Basir Tavana, a mother of two, was arrested by security forces in Fuman on August 17, 2023. Her brother, Mehran Basir Tavana, was among those killed by regime forces during the 2022 nationwide protests.

Earlier, HRANA had also reported on the legal confrontations faced by families of the victims, including cases involving Hossein and Mehdi Kazemi, Somayeh Kazemi, Ali Adinezadeh, Goldasteh Hosseini Jahanabad, Marzieh Adinezadeh, Reza and Musa Adinezadeh, Sajad Pirfak, and Mahmonir Molaie-Rad, spanning over a one-month period.

Background on the 2022 Nationwide Protests

The arrest of Mahsa Amini by Tehran Morality Police for her improper hijab and her suspicious death on September 16 sparked protests sweeping across Iran. Protesters came to the streets with the central slogan “Women, Life, Freedom” in protest against the performance, laws and structure of the regime. During the nationwide protests, thousands of people, including journalists, artists, lawyers, teachers, students and civil rights activists, were arrested.

A Comprehensive Report of the First 82 days of Nationwide Protests in Iran

  HRANA – Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old young woman, was arrested by the morality police for the crime of improper hijab. Her arrest and death in detention fueled nationwide protests in Iran. Protesters came to the streets with the central slogan “Women, Life, Freedom” in protest against the performance, laws, and structure of the regime. The following 486-page report is dedicated to the statistical review, analysis, and summary of the first eighty-two days of the ongoing protests (September 17 to December 7, 2022). In this report, in addition to the geographic analysis and the presentation of maps and charts, the identity of 481 deceased, including 68 children and teenagers, an estimated of 18,242 arrested along with the identity of 3,670 arrested citizens, 605 students and 61 journalists or activists in the field of information is compiled. In addition, the report includes a complete collection of 1988 verified video reports by date and topic. The report examines protests across 1115 documented gatherings in all 31 provinces of the country, including 160 cities and 143 universities.

Summary

Mahsa (Zhina) Amini, a young 22-year-old woman from Saqqez, Kurdistan was visiting Tehran, when she was taken into custody on Tuesday, September 13, 2022, by the Morality Police officers at the Haqqani metro station in Tehran. The reason for her arrest: not properly observing the strict Islamic dress code. Mahsa/Zhina was taken to the infamous detention center of Moral Security Police known as Vozara.
Shortly after Mahsa’s arrest, she went into a coma with level three concussion, and her partially alive body was transferred to the intensive care unit of Kasra Hospital. Given the track record of the police and Guidance Patrols in mistreating the arrestees and similar previous incidents, with the believe that Mahsa was beaten during the arrest people were outraged.

Download full report in PDF format

Unpersuasive explanations given by the Central Command of the Islamic Republic Police Force (FARAJA) in defense of its actions regarding the death of Mahsa, the past performance of the police force, along with widespread dissatisfaction with the existence of a body called the Moral Security Police, fueled widespread protests in Iran.
The widespread protests sparked at the time Mahsa Amini was announced dead in front of Kasra Hospital on Argentina Street in Tehran, and then quickly spread to the streets despite the intimidating presence of Iran’s security forces. The protests intensified after Mahsa’s burial in a Saqqez cemetery. To the extent that after eighty-two days of nationwide protests between September 17, 2022, to December 7, 2022, they have spread to Iran’s all 31 provinces, 160 cities, and 143 major universities.
The protests did not stay limited to Mahsa’s death, it rather, quickly targeted the Iranian government’s political and ideological foundations. These protests were violently quashed by the anti-riot police and Iran’s militia force (Basij). teargas, pellets, and live ammunition were used in the repression of protestors. This widespread crackdown has led to the death of dozens of people and the wounding of hundreds of protestors.
Despite sever communication restrictions imposed by the Islamic Republic, this report attempts to give a clearer picture of the first 82 days of the protests between September 17, to December 7, 2022. It’s worth mentioning at the time of this report the protests are still ongoing in various forms.

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For further inquiries please contact Skylar Thompson, Senior Advocacy Coordinator Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) at [email protected]