Five Protestors Awaiting Looming Execution in the Central Prison of Karaj

Recently, the Karaj Revolutionary Court sentenced five people arrested at protests to death. These death-row prisoners, Mohammad-Mehdi Karami, Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini, Hamid Ghara-Hasanlu and Hossein Mohammadi, are currently jailed in the Central Prison of Karaj.

About incidents that happened during protests on the 40th day of Hadith Najafi’s death, these individuals were arrested and faced the charge of “spreading corruption on earth” and then sentenced to death.

Initially, the Judiciary mentioned eleven co-defendants in this legal case. Later, however, Mizan, Judiciary’s official media, mentioned 15 people. In the third court session, Hossein Mohammadi was added to the defendants, raising the number to 16.

During the trial, none of the defendants did not access to a private lawyer. They have been also reportedly tortured to confess and accept the charges.


A Comprehensive Report of the First 82 days of Nationwide Protests in Iran

  HRANA – Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old young woman, was arrested by the morality police for the crime of improper hijab. Her arrest and death in detention fueled nationwide protests in Iran. Protesters came to the streets with the central slogan “Women, Life, Freedom” in protest against the performance, laws, and structure of the regime. The following 486-page report is dedicated to the statistical review, analysis, and summary of the first eighty-two days of the ongoing protests (September 17 to December 7, 2022). In this report, in addition to the geographic analysis and the presentation of maps and charts, the identity of 481 deceased, including 68 children and teenagers, an estimated of 18,242 arrested along with the identity of 3,670 arrested citizens, 605 students and 61 journalists or activists in the field of information is compiled. In addition, the report includes a complete collection of 1988 verified video reports by date and topic. The report examines protests across 1115 documented gatherings in all 31 provinces of the country, including 160 cities and 143 universities.


Mahsa (Zhina) Amini, a young 22-year-old woman from Saqqez, Kurdistan was visiting Tehran, when she was taken into custody on Tuesday, September 13, 2022, by the Morality Police officers at the Haqqani metro station in Tehran. The reason for her arrest: not properly observing the strict Islamic dress code. Mahsa/Zhina was taken to the infamous detention center of Moral Security Police known as Vozara.
Shortly after Mahsa’s arrest, she went into a coma with level three concussion, and her partially alive body was transferred to the intensive care unit of Kasra Hospital. Given the track record of the police and Guidance Patrols in mistreating the arrestees and similar previous incidents, with the believe that Mahsa was beaten during the arrest people were outraged.

Download full report in PDF format

Unpersuasive explanations given by the Central Command of the Islamic Republic Police Force (FARAJA) in defense of its actions regarding the death of Mahsa, the past performance of the police force, along with widespread dissatisfaction with the existence of a body called the Moral Security Police, fueled widespread protests in Iran.
The widespread protests sparked at the time Mahsa Amini was announced dead in front of Kasra Hospital on Argentina Street in Tehran, and then quickly spread to the streets despite the intimidating presence of Iran’s security forces. The protests intensified after Mahsa’s burial in a Saqqez cemetery. To the extent that after eighty-two days of nationwide protests between September 17, 2022, to December 7, 2022, they have spread to Iran’s all 31 provinces, 160 cities, and 143 major universities.
The protests did not stay limited to Mahsa’s death, it rather, quickly targeted the Iranian government’s political and ideological foundations. These protests were violently quashed by the anti-riot police and Iran’s militia force (Basij). teargas, pellets, and live ammunition were used in the repression of protestors. This widespread crackdown has led to the death of dozens of people and the wounding of hundreds of protestors.
Despite sever communication restrictions imposed by the Islamic Republic, this report attempts to give a clearer picture of the first 82 days of the protests between September 17, to December 7, 2022. It’s worth mentioning at the time of this report the protests are still ongoing in various forms.

Table of Contents



For further inquiries please contact Skylar Thompson, Senior Advocacy Coordinator Human Rights Activists in Iran (HRA) at [email protected]

Iran Protests: Couple Sentenced to Death and Imprisonment

Hamid Ghareh-Hassanlou, a radiologist doctor, was sentenced to death in a case related to nationwide protests. In the same legal case, his wife, Farzaneh Ghareh-Hassanlou has also been sentenced to 25 years in exile imprisonment in Ahvaz. Without giving any details, Iran’s Judiciary announced that in this legal case, five people were sentenced to death, and eleven others, including three children, to imprisonment.

According to HRANA, the news agency of Human Rights Activists, in Karaj, five people, including physician Hamid Ghareh-Hassanlou, were sentenced to death for killing a Basij militia force.

An informed source told HRANA that Ghareh-Hassanlou was beaten harshly during detention, causing broken ribs and lung bleeding. During the last two weeks, he underwent surgery three times. Nonetheless, his family is not allowed to see him in the hospital.

On November 30, 2022, The Karaj Revolutionary Court began the trial of several people arrested at protests for killing a Basij militia force. The defendants were charged with “spreading corruption on earth through committing crimes against national security.” The defendants include Seyyed-Mohammad Hosseini, Reza Aria, Mehdi Mohammadi, Shayan Charani, Mohammad-Amin Akhlaghi, Hamid Ghareh-Hassanlou, Farzaneh Ghareh-Hassanlou, Reaz Shaker Zavardehi, Javad Zargaran, Behrad Ali-Kenari, Ali Moazzami Goodarzi, Mohammad-Mehdi Karami and three teenagers Mehdi Shokrollahi, Arian Farzamnia and Amir-Mehdi Jafari.